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* HYDE PARK * * 


. . VOLUME VI : 1908 . . 




Volume VI — 1908 










Recording Secretary 


Corresponding Secretary and Librarian 





Vice Presidents 











• Deceased 


MRS. MARY H. HUNT. Mrs. Hele?i A. Greenwood 


BIRDS OF HYDE PARK. Harry G. Higbee 


Erastus E. Williamson, Henry S. Bunion, Stilhnan 

EDITORIAL. William A. Mowry 

ELIHU GREENWOOD. Herbert Greenwood 

E. Newell 


Samuel R- Moseley, G. Fred Gridley, Charles Sturteva?it 

Fred L. Johnson 



54. 55 



MRS. MARY H. HUNT (Portrait) 


Facing page 9 

Facing page 41 

Facing page 54 



President Hyde Park W. C. T. U. 

Mrs. Mary Hanchett Hunt was born in South Canaan, Conn., 
July 4th, 1830, and died in Boston, April 24, 1906. 

Through her mother she was a direct descendant of the English 
cavalier, Edward Winslow, an early governor of Plymouth Colony, 
also of the gifted and godly Thomas Thatcher, who was the first 
pastor of the Old South Church, Boston, 

She was educated at Amenia Seminary and at Patapsco Insti- 
tute, near Baltimore, Maryland ; was a successful teacher of the 
sciences, especially of chemistry and physiology, and in 1852 was 
married to Leander B. Hunt of East Douglas, Mass. 

In 1866, Mr. and Mrs. Hunt came to Hyde Park, which there- 
after was Mrs. Hunt's home until 1893, when she removed to 

A member of the First Congregational Church in Hyde Park, 
Mrs. Hunt for several years was an earnest and efficient worker 
and leader in many of its departments. 

Of the three children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hunt, but one, 
Capt. Alfred E. Hunt, grew to maturity. He became a well- 
known scientific man, an expert chemist and metallurgist, and 
successful manufacturer of aluminum. In the prime of his 
manhood, he died in 1899 from disease contracted during the 
Spanish war. 

In 1874-5, in connection with some of the scientific pursuits of 
her son while he was a student at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Mrs. Hunt's attention was attracted to some British 
scientific studies of the nature and effects of alcoholic drinks. 
In them she saw the hope of saving the race from drink by in- 


telligent conviction if only these and other facts about the true 
nature of alcohol could be made known. To do this preventive 
work on a large scale and effectively, she turned to the public 
schools with the conviction that by teaching these truths in the 
schools they would not only reach practically all the future citizens 
of the nation, but would reach them in the formative period of 
life before alcoholic habits had been established. Henceforth she 
was under the impelling power of the prophetic inspiration which 
became her motto : " If we save the children today, we shall have 
saved the nation tomorrow." 

In 1879, Mrs. Hunt brought her plan before the National 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union Convention at Indianapolis 
and was made chairman of the Committee on Temperance In- 
struction in Schools and Colleges. The following year, 1880, the 
committee system gave way to departments. Mrs. Hunt became 
national superintendent of the department of scientific tem- 
perence instruction, and for twenty-six years thereafter, until her 
death, was the remarkable leader of a remarkable work. In 1887 
she became the first superintendent of the same department of 
the World's Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and this 
position too she held until the end of her life. 

Upon her appointment by the National Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union there began a unique and most magnificently 
conducted campaign. A letter written from Germany in 1906, 
by a Boston gentleman, expressed the opinion that " future 
generations of Americans will believe what many foreigners seem 
to think now, that Mrs. Hunt's success in the matter of scientific 
temperance instruction embodies the most important piece of 
constructive statesmanship which our day has brought forth." 

Nearly three years, 1879- 1882, were spent arousing public 
interest in the cause of temperance education from the public 
platform, before school boards, colleges, normal schools, etc., 
before she thought it wise to inaugurate legislative efforts. Then, 
in 1882, the first temperance education law in the world was 
enacted in Vermont. Twenty years later, every state in the 
United States and the National Congress had passed laws re- 


quiring instruction in the public schools in physiology and hygiene 
including the nature and effects of alcoholic drinks and other 
narcotics. It was a wonderful tribute to the ability and persistent 
effort of Mrs. Hunt, who, during these years, had been the recog- 
nized leader of the movement which had the loyal support of the 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and, to a large extent, 
that of other temperance organizations and of the churches. Very 
many of the legislative campaigns were conducted by Mrs. Hunt 
personally, whose wise generalship never faltered or hesitated. 

The enactment of laws was in reality but the smallest part of 
the work. A hitherto unknown and undeveloped study had to be 
fitted into the school curriculum, adapted to grade, books had to 
be prepared and teachers trained. Hence, along with the con- 
stant legislative work Mrs. Hunt developed its practical educa- 
tional application in the schools. As a basis of information as to 
the facts on the subject, she gathered what is probably the largest 
collection in the world of the results of scientific experimentation 
and investigation on the alcohol question. 

These facts under her guidance were gradually embodied in 
school text-books for use by pupils of all grades. Courses of study 
were devised which not only have been widely used in the United 
States, but have been guides to other nations who are following 
the leadership of the United States in this branch of educational 

With a vision which took in the whole world, Mrs. Hunt's 
eager mind reached out to the children of other nations, and 
correspondence with government officials and temperance workers 
opened the way to the extension of the principle of prevention 
through education. 

Her attendance at the International Congress against Alcohol- 
ism, held at Brussels in 1897, under the honorary presidency of 
the King of Belgium, is said by one familiar with European tem- 
perance work to have been " epoch-making," because of the great 
stimulus given the European temperance education movement. 
She was made first vice-president of the Congress and received 
special consideration not only on the continent but in London, 


where noted British citizens, at whose head stood the late Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, met to do her honor. 

Again, in 1903, Mrs. Hunt's presence at the World Congress 
against Alcoholism was urged, and with letters from Secretary of 
State Hay, Mrs. Hunt was received at this Bremen Congress with 
the honors of an official representative of her country. Her 
address was printed and widely circulated m Germany, and she 
was honored by the Empress by a private interview at which 
the Empress was an interested, sympathetic inquirer into the 
American plan for temperance education. 

A most significant result of this visit to Europe was the move- 
ment started among British physicians which, in February, 1904, 
led 15,000 medical practitioners of Great Britain and Ireland to 
sign a petition asking that regular instruction in hygiene and 
temperance similar to that of the United States be given in all 
public schools of the kingdom. The work thus begun as a direct 
outgrowth of Mrs. Hunt's addresses and conferences in England, 
in 1903, is being pressed to a successful issue. 

Mrs. Hunt's last days were spent at her home in Dorchester, 
where, despite increasing weakness, she continued her work 
managing it with her usual skill until the power of speech com- 
pletely failed. But even in the last days she was greatly cheered 
by learning that the plans she had carried out in America were 
being adopted in Great Britain, Germany and other countries. As 
a result of America's example, scientific temperance instruction is 
being given to some extent in schools of Australia, New Zealand, 
Japan, China, British India, South Africa, most of the European 
countries ; on this continent, in Canada, Mexico, Chili ; and in 
Cuba, Porto Rico and the Bahama Islands. 

Mrs. Hunt was a life director of the National Educational Asso- 
ciation, and edited and published the School Physiology Journal 
for teachers. 

She was an attractive and powerful platform speaker, whose 
spoken message was in demand to the very end of her life, and 
she probably addressed more legislative bodies than any other 
person of her day. 



An inspiring and successful leader, her own words were, "As 
a leader of the mighty hosts of godly Christian Temperance 
Union women, I have tried to follow the great Leader without 
whose guidance our efforts would have been in vain." But her 
leadership was not of a forlorn hope. The temperance education 
laws that she wrote are not only on the statute books of the 
national congress and all the states, but the teaching they require 
has been and is being written into the lives of the millions of 
children in the public schools and through them into the life of 
the nation. 

" Her accurate knowledge, her clear vision, her forceful speech 
and facile pen, her reverence for God's truth embodied in natural 
law, her generous appreciation of her great and noble army of 
intelligent and efficient co-workers, her humble piety and prayer- 
ful faith in God, has placed her on record as one of the most un- 
selfish and useful women of our time and has entitled her to the 
lasting gratitude of every lover of mankind." 



Read before the Meigs Memorial Association, 1906 
Read before the Hyde Park Historical Society, 1906 


I am here, my friends, at the request of the Meigs Memorial 
Association, to present to you, as best I may, in their name, the 
result of my labors in searching for and collating the facts in 
connection with the history of old Camp Meigs. 

I have brought to them several photographs, comprising por- 
traits and camp views, subject to such disposition or future dis- 
play as they may see fit. 

Of the search, much of which has been confronted by and 
surrounded with difficulties innumerable, I need not say that I 
have, like the gleaner Ruth, gathered here a little, there a little, or 
that where much was expected, little was found. 

Crude in some parts, imperfect in others, I lay the facts before 


By way of prelude, away back in the forties, it was my fortune, 
as a very small boy, to live with my widowed mother, by the side 
of the pond at Readville — then known as Dedham Lower Plains — 
and to attend school very near the present site of the Damon 
School. My teacher was Rebecca Bullard, now gone to her rest. 
The house was near where the reservation apparently begins, 
under the hill near the woolen mills. It required considerable 
courage to cross the dam, for its roaring, to my boyish ear, was 

Many of you readily remember John Farrington. I do, too, 
vividly, for he was, at the period I have mentioned, employed in 


the mill, then a wholly wooden structure and insignificant in size 
compared with the mill of today. As I passed to cross the first 
bridge, it was John Farrington's delight to project his body far 
out from an upper window, and yell at me like a Comanche. 
Frequently I turned and went back to mother, whose reassurance 
of my safety again started me for school. A little later, in the 
early fifties, I was a youth at Mill Village, now East Dedham, 
and passed several years in that village, attending school, where 
the Avery School now stands. As a result of my residence as 
stated, I knew, practically, everybody, and became familiar with 
the geography of the whole town. 

Years after I had removed from the town, the civil war broke 
out, and I became a minute part of Uncle Sam's great army. 

This ends my prelude, only offered to show that I was, at least, 
partially equipped to take pickaxe and spade and dig up the facts 
concering Camp Meigs. 

I early directed my attention to 


This branch of my subject may not interest everybody, but my 
research developed many items of value for preservation. 

The Soldier's Monument at Dedham was erected by the state 
to the memory of the sixty-four men who died at Readville. But 
there this monument stood, calm, dignified, defiant, resisting all 
my early efforts to find its history. It is decorated each Memorial 
Day by the Post at Dedham, for which service the state pays the 
Post a small sum. But when was it erected ? Who made it ? 
Were there dedicatory exercises ; if so, when and by whom ? 
Were these men buried there in the order of their death ? 

Inquiry among the oldest inhabitants, and a letter in the local 
paper, followed a little later by an advertisement, all failed to 
produce anything satisfactory. A close examination of the State 
Auditors' Reports revealed the cost of the monument, but did not 
reveal the maker. Several critical examinations of the monument 
itself failed to reveal anything, even remote. At someone's sug- 
gestion, I took a fac simile of the lettering to a monument maker 


in Boston, and he at once expressed his opinion that it was made 
in Taunton, and by one D. A. Burt. This is really not of super- 
lative value. The latest death lettered upon the monument is 
that of Henry A. Gifford, of Co. C, 27th Mass., who died July 12, 
1865, and his age is recorded as fifteen years. The earliest death 
shown upon the monument was that of Thomas Tracy, and the 
monument says, "Died Aug. 1, 1861, aged 33 years." No com- 
pany, no regiment, because, although he went to camp to join the 
20th Regiment, he met his death by drowning in the Neponset 
River before his opportunity came to be actually enrolled as a 
soldier, having arrived only the night previous. A very large 
proportion of the 64 names are of colored soldiers, of the 54th 
and 55th Infantry Regiments and the 5th Cavalry Regiment. I 
find that six died of small pox and were buried in the rear of the 
barracks that were erected first for the 44th Regiment, the spot 
being near the tracks of the New York & New T England Railroad. 
These bodies were afterwards removed to the cemetery at 

In June, 1864, the state purchased the lot of Mr. Edward Stin- 
son. It is long and narrow, being 15 feet wide by 165 feet long. 
This was a part of a considerable purchase by Mr. Stinson, and 
was next to the old cemetery itself, and practically became an 
addition, so called, and now one can observe no line to indicate 
where the addition begins. A study of the names shows that the 
monument was not made until after the last death recorded 
thereon, for the four sides are entirely symmetrical in having 
exactly sixteen names each. 

There were presumably a few other deaths at the camp, but 
evidently relatives or friends took the bodies away. The receiv- 
ing tomb was used prior to the time when the lot was ready, and 
there were a few burials in the old cemetery, later removed to the 
soldier's lot. I have made photographs of the monument — each 
of the four sides — and these I also present to the Association. 

The State paid $1,000 for the monument and its setting up, 
and $450 for the lot. Finally it appears well established that 
each grave had originally a marker of wood, bearing the name, 


etc., but time and weather so demolished them, that in 1892 the 
lot was graded, the graves levelled and resodded, the markers cast 
aside, and since then the entire lot is of one level, broken only by 
the beautiful monument in the centre. 


Again let us go back to the /jo's and to the land under con- 
sideration. It was then called Sprague's Plain, and was one 
general whole prior to the building of the Providence Railroad. 
State musters were held in those far-off days, and it was here that 
the "striped pig" is said to have made its advent, or more properly 
speaking, it was here invented. To those who are uninformed, I 
will explain that it was a ruse to cover the clandestine sale of 
intoxicants. The tent which served as a cover to a bar bore the 
legend " Striped Pig." About 1840 there appeared this verse in a 
local paper : 

In Dedham now there is a great muster, 

Which gathers the people all up in a cluster; 

A terrihle time, and what do you think ? 

They've found a new way to get something to drink. 

And now we come to the Civil War, and the occupation of 
these acres by soldiers. 

Mr. Ebenezer Paul, living near Paul's Bridge, owned the land, 
it having been willed to him and another by his Uncle Isaac, who 
died in 1852. The will was a peculiar one — really full of peculiari- 
ties, but I only mention a few. The widow, Ebenezer's Aunt 
Lydia, was quite fully protected in her rights as widow, and 
apparently as having a " life estate." The boys were to milk the 
cows and carry the milk to the house ; they were to cut wood for 
the widow's use and carry it to the wood house and pile it up, and 
in time to dry for use. They were to provide annually one and 
one-half tons salt hay, and carry on the farm in the interest of the 

These few points are sufficient for my purpose, in calling your 
attention to what happened later. 


It is related that the first that Ebenezer Paul knew of any 
designs upon his land as a camping ground, was his sudden dis- 
covery one morn of two or three men sitting under one of the 
long rows of elms, a few of which are now standing, and his cows 
gazing upon them with interest. Later, it is said, they came 
and took the land, leaving him to apply to the State for compensa- 
tion, which he did, and I am credibly informed that he received 
three hundred dollars per year rental. 

The first call for troops — insignificantly small as it proved — ■ 
was succeeded in May, 1S61, by a second, this time for 500,000, 
and it was under this call that the first troops assembled " On 
Sprague's Plain near Sprague's Pond in the town of Dedham." 
I have quoted the language of the order of Governor Andrew 
dated July 2, 1861. 

When it became known that troops were to occupy this field, 
the neighbors were apprehensive lest the cows would fall into the 
hands of military separators, or that the morning examination of 
the chicken coop would reveal the fact that many chickens had 
been foully slain, or that their vegetables would be ruthlessly 
removed from their beds at night; but nothing of the kind hap- 
pened, for Col. Lee was a strict disciplinarian. 

The first to arrive upon these grounds, — and they came within 
a few days after the 4th of July, 1861, — were the 18th and 20th 
Regiments, the latter commanded by Col. William Raymond Lee, 
who is credited with having selected the spot. The ground over 
which we now are was covered by the tents of the 20th, while a 
little farther away from Milton Street, near the Elms, the 18th 
pitched its tents. 

Two companies for the 18th Regiment came from Dedham. 
One company was purely local and the other was from Wrentham. 
They had been quartered together in the hall of the old Agri- 
cultural Fair Building at Connecticut Corner. They were escorted 
all the way by the five fire companies of the town, and two brass 
bands, creating quite a furor as they marched along. 

The press announced the occupation of the Camp and said the 
camp is fine. Col. Lee in selecting it had an eye to the comfort 


and health of the men. The field contains twenty-four acres and 
is in the vicinity of Sprague Pond and Ncponset River. The soil 
is light and no marshy ground. There will be ninety tents for 
officers and men, and one kitchen for each company, built of 
rough boards. The storehouse has already been built and fur- 
nished with provisions. A well has been dug and water will be 
pumped from the pond. 

Another paper said the spot is the old Dedham Muster Field, 
twenty-four acres, nearly square, perfectly level, and the camp is 
within 50 rods of the station. The large storehouse is near the 
kitchens, and they are in a row across the further end of the field 
as one approaches from Boston. A deep tub has been set, into 
which water flows from the middle of the pond, for cooking pur- 
poses. Another account says on the left flank of the camp is 
Sprague Pond, and in the rear Neponset River. Adjacent is a 
field of thirty-four acres at the disposal of the (20th) regiment for 

I have been somewhat minute in details, at this initial occupa- 
tion, for several reasons not necessary to relate at length. 

In connection with the accounts of the 18th Regiment, the 
press announced that the camp would be called Camp Brigham, 
and the 20th named it Camp Massasoit. This shows that each 
regiment adopted a name for its own camp, and this method con- 
tinued for awhile, until the general name of Camp Meigs was 
placed upon the whole. The name Brigham was in honor of the 
Commissary General of Massachusetts, Col. Elijah D. Brigham. 

And now camp life is fully inaugurated on Sprague Plain. Two 
regiments are in tents, and all the busy preparations for war are 
going on. The drilling of squads, platoons, companies and regi- 
ments ; the dress parade, the uniforms, the officers, and even the 
individual soldier, all upon exhibition, for there are hundreds of 
visitors daily. Later in the war there were thousands daily, a 
constant, never-ceasing stream, and upon extra occasions, like 
a review, it was a difficult matter for the camp guards to walk 
their beats. 

Camp life goes on apace, The arrival of clothing, of arms, of 


any sort of supply, created more or less excitement, and just the 
same if such did not arrive when expected or desired. There 
was then a general feeling among the men that each Company 
had a right to choose its officers, but this idea became modified 
as the war went on, and finally disappeared. But alas and alack, 
when confronted with the facts that their wishes would not be 
wholly met, they rebelled and indulged in verbiage replete with 
adjectives and many violent parts of speech. 

Of the two regiments under consideration, the accounts show 
that the 20th regiment was the greatest sufferer. For when that 
regiment was mustered in on the 18th of July, the men of Co. B 
absolutely refused to raise their hands, because they had not been 
assured that the officers of their choice would be commissioned* 
The next day apologized, and on the 26th they were mustered in. 

This records the first semblance of mutiny, and then not a very 
serious matter. Later in the war it would have had a different 
coloring, and been summarily dealt with. 

Of the items of interest in this first encampment, many of 
which might be related, a few only are selected. About the 
middle of August, several men of the 20th Regiment went to 
Sprague Pond, ostensibly to bathe, but really to desert. They 
were captured at Mansfield. They were to join an Irish Brigade 
in New York. 

A hospital was established, a little removed from the noise of 
the camp. The patients rested on comfortable couches and had 
mosquito netting. About the middle of August it was announced 
that the 20th Regiment had about 500 men and the 18th Regiment 

These two regiments have now been uniformed, armed, mus- 
tered in, and must be sent to war, The 18th left Readville on 
the 26th of August, by rail for Stonington, thence by steamer 
•' Commodore " to New York. 

And on the 4th of September the 20th Regiment left. Appar- 
ently these departures left the camp entirely vacant, but such 
was not the fact. The men for the 24th Regiment began to 
report at Readville about the first day of September, and not 


many days thereafter there were three companies of cavalry 
there, destined to become with others the ist Massachusetts 
Cavalry. The three companies were from Boston, Springfield and 
Bridgewater, in all about 300 men. 

By the end of September, the men for the 24th Regiment had 
become quite numerous, and they adopted the name of Camp 
Hatteras, presumably from the general rumor that they were to 
be a part of the force destined to make a descent upon the coast 
of North Carolina. 

On the first of October, the boys of the 24th raised and dedi- 
cated a flag staff, and a salute of thirteen guns fired from a small 
cannon from Sevastopol formed a part of the ceremonies. On the 
19th of October, a newspaper said that stables had been com- 
pleted for 600 horses, the rest will be completed this week, and 
that the camp was near low, marshy ground. 

The ist Massachusetts Cavalry had a taste of a local rebellion 
on the 6th of November. On that day it became painfully 
apparent to the men of the regiment, that their wishes as to 
whom should serve as officers were being ignored, and they raised 
a considerable rumpus, so that violent measures had to be used 
to maintain order. When the trouble was at its highest point, 
a call was made upon the 24th Regiment to assist in restoring 
order. That regiment came upon the ground on the double quick, 
but not early enough to take an active part in the proceedings. 
Order was finally restored. 

The Cavalry Regiment numbered 1,029 early in December, 
and they had about 900 horses. The cold was such that small 
stoves were issued, for use in the tents, which were of the Sibley 
pattern (conical). On the 9th of December, the 24th Regiment 
left for the seat of war, and the ist Cavalry left on the 25th, 26th 
and 28th of December. 

Of the horses issued to this regiment, said to be the most un- 
ruly in the whole State, the bays were assigned to Companies A, 
B, C, and D, the sorrels and roans to E, F, G and H, the blacks 
to I, K, L and M, and the grays to the band. 

We have now, in the narrative, arrived at the end of 1861, and 


all the troops have departed, and the camp now a mere shell. 
The only visible things are the sheds that were erected for the 
horses, the tent floors left by officers, and the storehouse. 

In my further relation of events, I shall not go so fully into 
detail, for cogent reasons. Of the regiments now departed for 
the seat of war, the 18th, 20th and 24th, and the 1st Cavalry, 
much might be narrated. Men in each achieved distinction and 
each regiment had an experience peculiarly its own. Capt. 
Carroll of the 18th was wounded at the second battle of Bull Run, 
August 30, 1862, and died upon the battle-field three days later. 
Again, the 18th Regiment, in the Fall of 1861, was given a French 
uniform complete, including, beside the French uniform, tents, 
mess chests, etc. This singular event was said to have been 
because of extraordinary proficiency in drill. I find that three 
regiments only participated in this remarkable gift, one of each of 
the three brigades of Gen. Fitz John Porter's division. The other 
regiments were the 44th New York and the 33d Pennsylvania. 
You ask what use could be made of such a gift, and well you may. 
The gift was bestowed at Hall's Hill, Va. Much fun was created. 
The men could not wear the uniforms nor use the accompani- 
ments, being in active service, so they were soon boxed and sent 
to the storehouse at Norfolk. Some succeeded in obtaining them 
again, and many sent home parts of the gift. The company from 
Middleboro is said to have obtained them intact, and wore them 
on their arrival home, marching through Boston, attracting a deal 
of attention. 


Our camp at Readville remains vacant, silent and solemn until 
August, when under the call of 2d of July for 300,000, we find 
at Readville the 9th and nth Batteries and the 42d, 43d, 44th 
and 45th Regiments. The four regiments are nine months men, 
and it is currently reported that they are to go together to North 
Carolina, but such did not prove to be the case. 

A 44th man thus expressed himself: "We arrived here the 
29th of August, about 4 p. m., and here our trouble began. We 
had either come too soon or the carpenters had been too lazy, 


for only three of the ten barracks were roofed and some were not 
even boarded." 

I will ask my hearers to mentally note that these were the first 
barracks built, and in August, 1862, and on the west side, and 
for the 44th Regiment. Simultaneously a set were built on the 
east side for the 45th. He then continues: "So while the car- 
penters were at work outside, we went at it inside, putting up 
and fixing the bunk. A load of straw arrived at sunset." 

I will here remark that the Quartermaster, Capt. McKim (now 
Judge of Probate), employed William Bullard, of Readville, as one 
of his agents to procure straw, hay, wood, etc. This 44th man, 
who was quite prolific in language (and I feel thankful that he 
was), said further : " We are on the ground between the Provi- 
dence Railroad and New England Railroad, south of the junction." 

It affords me pleasure to present this association with the other 
photographs, one embracing these ten barracks, the first that 
were here erected, and in the picture is also the Tower house. 

Again the 44th man says: "The field is just east of the em- 
bankment of the N. Y, & N. E. R. R. The barracks are nearly 
at right angles with the railroad. Marched to the pond to wash 
our faces." 

A letter of the 6th of September shows a friendly rivalry 
between the companies in the matter of flag poles, and a letter 
of the 13th admits that Company D's flagstaff is entitled to the 
prize, and that the boys have christened the several barracks with 
romantic names, such as " Squirrel's Nest," " Sleeping Beauties," 
" Penquin's Nest," " Damon and Pythias," " Siamese Twins," etc. 

The 44th man says, " Our first night was a jolly one. Poor 
devils who depend upon good sleep and a good deal of it for what 
vitality they can muster, might probably have sworn. Not that 
the boys were riotous, not even obstreperous, but simply jolly. 
The inside musical performance opened with a barnyard chorus 
by the entire company, and this was followed by a rapid and un- 
intermittent succession of dog, hog, cat and rooster solos, duets, 
quartettes, both single and combined, until the arrival of an officer, 
who unfortunately had no ear for music." 


On the 8th of September, 1862, I find the first mention of 
" Camp Meigs," and in connection with the fact of the arrival at 
Readville of a company from Dedham for one of the nine months 
Regiments, This company started from Temperance Hall, 
Dedham, and a procession was formed of all the five engine 
companies ; next were young ladies from the grammar school, the 
selectmen, recruiting committee, and citizens, the whole led by 
the West Dedham Brass Band, and marshalled by Sheriff Thomas, 
mounted on a rebel horse captured at Fair Oaks. They all 
marched to Readville. They were formally received by Col. 
Holbrook and men of the 43d Regiment. 

On the 9th of September, Governor Andrew, by his Special 
Order No. 790, appointed Brig. Gen. Richard A. Pierce, of the 
State Militia, Commandant of Camp Meigs, Readville, as a 
military rendezvous. 

The 9th Battery having left for the seat of war on the 3d of 
September, the troops at Readville found by Gen. Pierce to be 
under his command were the nth Battery, 42d, 43d, 44th and 
45th Regiments. Gen. Pierce established his headquarters near 
the station, and appointed his staff, taking nearly all from the 
State militia. 

The photograph of the barracks of the 44th was taken on the 
25 th of September, 1862, and shows the flags at half mast. They 
were thus because of the funeral in Boston of Lieut. Col. Dwight 
of the 2d Mass., who had died of wounds. Six companies of the 
44th attended the funeral. The barracks of the 45th are men- 
tioned under date of the 27th of September by a 44th man, as 
having been constructed with more regard for light and air than 
were those of the 44th. This establishes the fact that the bar- 
racks of these two regiments were built simultaneously or nearly 

The first to leave after Gen. Pierce took command was the nth 
Battery, Major Jones, who died recently in Boston. They left 
on the 3d of October, and on the 22d the 44th left and on the 5 th 
of November the 43d and 45 th left. This left the 43d in sole 
possession, and they at once occupied the barracks vacated by 


the 44th, and a little later were pleased to receive the 47th 
Regiment on the nth, from Camp Stanton, Boxford, where they 
had been organized. They had been sent to Readville, where 
they could be better quartered. 

And now we have two regiments only, the 43d and the 47th, 
both nine months regiments. At this time the weather had 
become so cold that stoves were set up in the barracks. 

The stay of either of these two regiments was short, for the 
42d left on the 21st of November and the 47th on the 30th. 

Again we are viewing a vacant camp ; again it is silent, solemn, 
desolate, but not like the end of 1861, for now there are two sets 
of barracks, one upon either side of the railroad. 


The year 1863 starts in quite lively, the very first to organize 
and start for the seat of war from Camp Meigs being the 13th 
Battery, on the 20th of January, and this was soon followed by a 
detachment of about 350 for the 2d Cavalry on the 12th of 
February, and on the 9th of March the 15th Battery left, followed 
on the nth of May by the rest of the 2d Cavalry. 

Meantime the 54th Regiment had begun to form. This 
regiment was the first colored regiment organized in a northern 
state. Gov. Andrew received his authority to organize colored 
regiments in January, 1863, and apparently the first to arrive at 
Readville came on February 21st, and the twenty-seven men 
were assigned to the barracks first occupied by the 44th. This 
regiment had a unique experience. The twenty-seven men on 
the 21st of February had increased to 324 by the 21st of March 
and the regiment was filled and left Readville on the 28th of May, 
being sent to the Department of the South to operate against 
Charleston. Robert G. Shaw, who was made its colonel, was, 
with other young officers, chosen because of their firm anti-slavery 
principles, of their ambition, because they were superior to a vul- 
gar contempt for color, and because of their military experience. 
The presentation of the flags, by Governor Andrew, on the 18th 
of May, was peculiarly impressive, the Governor taking occasion 


to speak at length, and the occasion was otherwise marked. The 
regiment went to the Department of the South, in which depart- 
ment I was serving. They had been in the department but a short 
time when they were called to battle upon James Island, and fol- 
lowing this, were suddenly called to Morris Island, and engaged on 
the evening of the 18th of July, 1863, in that memorable assault 
upon Fort Wagner. This regiment was placed in the forefront. 
My own regiment, the 3d New Hampshire, was also a part of the 
assaulting column. In the thick of the fight Colonel Shaw was 
killed, and next day buried in a trench, with the men whom he 
had led to their death. The beautiful monument upon Boston 
Common, opposite the State House, will testify to all genera- 
tions to the valor of Colonel Shaw and his regiment. A school 
was established shortly after the close of the war, in Charleston, 
S. C, for colored children, in his honor, and named the Shaw Me- 
morial School, and the city of Boston has also named one of its 
schools in the West Roxbury District in his honor. And thus 
the name and fame of Col. Robert G. Shaw are properly and ap- 
propriately perpetuated. 

The 54th Regiment had scarcely gotten away when recruits for 
the 55 th, also colored, began to assemble at Readville. 

The next day, after the departure of the 54th, May 28th, the 
nth Battery, Major Jones, returned from the seat of war, their 
term having expired. This marks the first return of the kind to 
Readville, and we must now be prepared to receive returning 
troops, as well as to bid God-speed to the departing. The 44th 
returned on the 18th of June, the 45th on the 8th of July, the 
43d the 30th of July, the 42d the 20th of August, and the 47th on 
the 1st of September. Meantime the departures have been, on 
the 21st of July the 55th Mass., which was sent at once to the 
Department of the South and served with its mate — the 54th. 
The other departures for the year were the 2d Heavy Artillery on 
the 5th of September, four companies, and the two companies of 
the same regiment on the 7th of November. 

In July occured the trouble in Boston, New York, and other 
places, called the " draft riots." Boston dealt at once with the 


case and in a manner producing the desired result. The Governor 
ordered General Pierce to send the men then in camp at Readville 
— men for the 2d Regiment Heavy Artillery and for the 2d 
Cavalry — to proceed to Boston at once by rail to maintain the 
peace of the city which was threatened with violence. Colonel 
Frankle (now of Haverhill) was placed in command of these 

Thus, it may be seen that the camp at Readville furnished 
the armed force that suppressed this miniature rebellion in Bos- 
Ion, denominated in history as the "Draft Riot," and the com- 
mand to fire the gun that dispersed the rioters was given by an 
officer from Readville. 

Nothing further of interest occurred during 1863, and at the end 
we find the 1st Cavalry, 4th Cavalry, 56th, 58th, 59th, nth Bat- 
tery, 13th Heavy Artillery, and 5th Cavalry (colored.) 


January 1st. But three camps now in Massachusetts: Camp 
Meigs, 2,270; Long Island, 1,086; Camp Wool, Worcester, 300; a 
total of 3,656. 

On the 4th of February there were nearly 4,000 men in Camp 
Meigs, and on that day General Burnside reviewed them, accom- 
panied by Governor Andrew and General Devens, each with his 
staff. A special train brought the reviewing party, arriving about 
2 p. m. Jones' Battery fired a salute of thirteen guns. 

The position of the troops was as follows: 4th Cavalry, 1st 
Cavalry, Milton street; 59th Regiment, nth Battery, near 
barracks; 56th regiment, 13th Heavy Artillery, near barracks; 5th 
Cavalry, 58th regiment, west of railroad. Total 3,879. 


In June, 1864, the barracks at Readville were ordered to be 
turned over to the Medical Department for conversion into a hos- 
pital. The barracks being in two .groups, one east of the Provi- 
dence Railroad, and the other west of it, I assumed that General 
Pierce exercised his judgment as to the scope of the order, and 
turned over to the medical department only those upon the east 


side of the railroad, consisting of quarters for two full regiments, 
i.e., twenty barracks. 

Barracks on the east side had been provided, up to that time, 
for only two regiments, but the barracks at Lakeville, near Mid- 
dleboro, for the 3d and 4th regiments, then entirely out of use, 
were taken in pieces and removed to Readville by rail and there 
set up again, Consequently there were forty barracks as well as 
other buildings ready for conversion into a hospital. It shows 
that the cook-houses and officers' quarters were placed at the 
ends of the barracks, and thus forming porches, one at either end 
of the forty barracks, now wards, with a capacity of 1,000 patients. 
I find that the largest number was about 700 at any one time. 
All the accessories, whether of material, of buildings, or of medical 
officers, were supplied to make this a first class hospital, which 
finally embraced a library, gymnasium and chapel. 

Again in 1864, a movement was started and gained some head- 
way to have sick and wounded men transferred from the various 
hospitals to those in the states where they belonged by enlistment, 
and the establishment of this hospital at Readville was apparently 
in furtherance of that object. Dr. Frederick H. Gross was placed 
in charge. He was a surgeon of large experience. He had been 
with General Thomas, had been at Camp Parole, had been at vari- 
ous other points where ordered and needed, and his selection for 
this post was a wise one. At various times I find on duty with 
him as assistant surgeons: Doctors S. W. Langmaid, F. H. Brown, 

F. C. Ropes, George S. Stebbins, R. R. Clarke, J. G. Wilbur, 

G. S. Osborne, and as hospital steward, H. H. A. Beach, now Dr. 
Beach of Boston, and connected officially with the Massachusetts 
General Hospital. Doctors Gross, Clarke, Osborne, Wilbur, and 
Ropes have all died. As survivors, I find Dr. S. W. Langmaid, a 
throat specialist of Boston; Dr. Stebbins, Springfield; Dr. Francis 
H, Brown, Boston; Dr. Beach of Massachusetts General Hospital. 
I also find a son of Dr. Gross — Dr. Hermon W. Gross, surgeon at 
the Fore River ship yards, Quincy, 

As to the work and capacity of the hospital, I find that in the 
middle of September, 1864, 350 convalescents were sent to the 


field, and a little later about 400. On the 13th of December, 1864, 
there were 498 sick and 498 wounded, a total of 996. Early in 
May, 1865, there were 478 patients, cared for by 78 attendants, 
and on the 3d of June, 1865, there were 376 patients. 

The guard duty, as was the custom, was by a company (13) of 
the V. R. C, and there were received in all 4,080 patients. 

Of the many operations at this hospital, one requiring more 
skill than perhaps any other was that performed upon Private 
Paran C. Young, Company B, 3d Massachusetts Cavalry and now 
living in Provincetown, Mass. He had been severely wounded in 
the neck at Cedar Creek. He arrived at Readville, January 2d, 
1865, and was at once reported upon the dangerous list. Four 
days later Dr. Langmaid performed tracheotomy upon him; and at 
a moment when he was presumed by the attendants to be dead, 
Dr. Langmaid knew better, and the result was that the man was 
almost literally snatched from the grave. A silver tube was in- 
serted, and in all these years Comrade Young has breathed through 
it, and when he speaks, a hand is pressed in the proper place 
to permit speech. 

On July 1st, 1865, it was ordered, the war having ended, that 
the hospital be discontinued, and the patients transferred to the 
Dale General Hospital at Worcester, and these orders were car- 
ried out with very little delay. The hospital having been discon- 
tinued, the supplies, such as beds, bedding, clothing and medicines 
were advertised to be sold at public auction on the 4th of October, 
but owing to the inability of Dr. Edgar, the Medical Officer (de- 
tained at Portsmouth Grove Hospital, R. I.,) who had special 
charge of the sale, was postponed to Monday, the 9th, when the 
sale took place. Mr. McGilvray, of Boston, was the auctioneer. 

Having abruptly left my audience to trace the hospital, I now 
return to Camp Meigs. It must be borne in mind that upon the 
creation of the hospital, there became two distinct establishments, 
the hospital, wholly east of the Providence Railroad, and the 
camp, wholly west of said railroad. The latter comprised a set of 
ten barracks only, and it was in and near these ten barracks that 
all military operations were thereafter conducted, whether of de- 


parting troops or of returning troops, and General Pierce had no 
authority in or with the hospital. 

During 1864 there were so many organizations departing and 
others returning for muster out, that it is quite impracticable to 
more than mention them. 

In this year there were organized at Readville about 27 compan- 
ies of 100 men each, designated as " Unattached," and known 
by the numbers 1 to 27. These were, up to and including the 
company numbered 13, for ninety days, then up to and including 
No. 23 for 100 days, and Nos. 24, 25, 26 and 27 for one year. 
These companies were all for service within the state, notably on 
the coast, and were variously sent to Fall River, New Bedford, 
Provincetown, Salem, Marblehead, Gallups' Island, Fort Warren, 
Fort Independence and Gloucester. During the year 1864 the 
following companies left Camp Meigs: 

January 8th, 2d Heavy Artillery (six companies); February 5th, 
nth Battery; March 7th, 13th Heavy Artillery; 20th, 56th Regi- 
ment; 26th, 4th Cavalry (part); April 19th, 16th Battery; 24th, 
4th Cavalry (part); 25th, 14th Battery; 26th, 59th Regiment; 28th, 
58th regiment; May 6th, 5th Cavalry; August 1st, 60th Regiment 
(100 days). Unattached Companies: 90 day men, 4th, 6th, 7th, 
8th, 9th, nth, and 13th; iooday men, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 
20th, 2 1st, 22nd, 23rd; one year, 18th (re-organized). 

Returned in 1864: 6th August 6th Unattached; 27th October 
6th Regiment (100 days); 12th November 17th Unattached; 16th 
November 5th Regiment (100 days); 26th November 23rd Unat- 
tached. Returned in I865: 12th May 18th Unattached; 12th May 
26th Unattached; 1 2th June 5th Battery; 13th June 39th Massachu- 
setts; 15th June 14th Battery; 16th June nth Battery; 19th June 
36th Massachusetts; 29th June 1st Cavalry; 30th June 40th Mas- 
sachusetts; 2nd July 33d Massachusetts; 2nd July 37th Massachu- 
setts; 6th July 34th Massachusetts; 12th July 23rd Massachusetts; 
19th July 27th Massachusetts; 22nd July 56th Massachusetts; 
26th July 2nd Massachusetts; 26th July 58th Massachusetts; 28th 
July 20th Massachusetts; 28th July 25th Massachusetts; 4th Aug- 
ust 15th Battery; 9th August 57th Massachusetts; 9th August 59th 


It will be remembered that the medical supplies were sold on 
the 9th of October. The sale of the property used by the hospital, 
but actually belonging to the Quartermaster's Department, such 
as 217 stoves, six army ranges, horses, harnesses, wagons, etc., 
were sold on the 23d of October by Samuel Hatch, auctioneer. 
Next follows the sale of the buildings at Camp Meigs west of the 
railroad, on the 4th of January, 1866, consisting of ten barracks, 
ten cook houses, four officers' quarters, hospital building, guard 
house, four stables, three forage houses, in all about 280,000 feet 

of lumber, sold for $3,100. 


On the 13th of January, 1866, the Dedham Gazette announced 
that Mr. Ebenezer Paul had sold his entire farm to Charles A. 
White for the sum of $20,000, including the old camp ground. 
"We had hoped," said the editor, " that the ground would have 
been consecrated to some public purpose." 

Next came the Quatermaster's sale, 26th June, 1866, by Samuel 
Hatch, auctioneer, of the hospital buildings, forty of them 73x22 
and twenty 46x15, seventy-one buildings in all, embracing store- 
houses, kitchens, laundry, etc. A conspiracy among the buyers 
was checkmated by the Quartermaster. The buildings brought 
from $50 to $400 each. The chapel, built and owned by the state, 
sold for $480. Total sale, $12,895.94. 

Although the sale of the land was in January, 1866, we do not 
find the deed recorded until the 12th of April, 1867. The delay of 
over a year in date and delivery of deed was, by inference, caused 
by the peculiar will previously mentioned. 


1884. January 1. Deed Francis Bryant to Readville Home- 
stead Association 1,665 feet. 

1890. Hamilton Park Association organized. 

1894. Changed to Meigs Memorial Association. 

1897. May 30. Flag pole and guns dedicated, Post 121 G. A. 
R, officiating. 

1903. January 4. Name of Hamilton Park changed to Meigs 
Memorial Park. 



Let me say that Hyde Park may well be proud of its delightful 
suburb, proud that so historic a spot is an integral part of the 
town. Proud may the dwellers at Readville be, for here, beneath 
our very feet, nearly fifty years ago, thousands marched up and 
down and upon this plain. The rattle of musketry, the bugle's 
blast, the rat-a-tat-tat of the drum, the clanking of the sabre, the 
neighing steed and the roar of cannon became familiar sounds. 

Here the very flower of the youth of this good old Common- 
wealth of ours gathered themselves together as a mighty phalanx. 
Here they learned the art of war, bade fond mother and father, 
or wife, the sad good bye and marched away. Thousands never 
came back; other thousands perished upon the battle-field, or in 
the hospital or the dreadful southern prison. Yet other thousands 
of the wounded and the sick were sent here to the hospital that 
they might be near to those they loved and that they might be 
tenderly nursed. 

May these memories, these facts, be kept green, and may the 
Meigs Memorial Association slack not its hand, but see 
to it that this and coming generations who make their homes here 
shall know that this is historic ground, that here was the largest 
military camp in New England, that soldiers went forth from here to 
a war such as no man had ever seen. And to you specially, as mem- 
bers of the Meigs Memorial Association, let me say, keep the sub- 
ject of devotion to country before the people, fling the banner of the 
free to the breeze from yonder flagstaff upon every proper occa- 
sion, and keep bright the names of Meigs, and Shaw, and Carroll, 
till the last member will have drawn the drapery of his couch 
about him, and lain down to pleasant dreams. And finally, I offer 
you one and all, this sentiment: 

To the soldiers who went from Readville, 
For all they were, 
For all they did, 
For all they dared, 
All honor forever 
And for aye, 



The inherent love of nature, born in every man, gives itself ex- 
pression in various ways. Some will stand transfixed before a 
roaring cataract, lost in wonder at its mighty power. Others will 
find a peculiar charm in the study of the flowers and trees, and 
will be lured away by them to many pleasant and profitable hours 
spent in the woods and fields. Still others will sit by the hour at 
the seashore, watching the great waves come rolling and tumbling 
in upon the rocks, or gathering the tiny shells and mosses which 
abound along the beach. But whatever our particular hobby may 
be in the study of nature, there is that same charm and fascination 
which lures us on to investigate farther and farther into her hidden 
secrets, until we are lost in wonder and admiration at the marvel- 
lous works of the Almighty. The works of man are wonderful, 
but his most noble achievement is as nothing, when compared 
with the simplest flower, or the minutest form of animal life, in its 
beauty and perfection. 

Nature opens up to us like a great book. We have but to study 
her in earnest and she will reveal to us many wonderful things. 
This study broadens our minds. It presents to us new avenues 
of thought, and new fields of pleasure; aside from the value of the 
healthful exercise which it brings to us, by the outdoor life and 
fresh air which comes from the pursuit of these studies — for 
nature should be studied first hand, in the woods and fields, and 
not from books, save only as a guide to identification, and to assist 
in personal investigation. 

Nature study is now considered as a part of the child's educa- 
tion, and its adoption is becoming general throughout the public 
schools. The study of birds is an important branch of this general 


topic, as they are of great economical value to us in keeping in 
check obnoxious insects as well as adding so much to the life 
about us by their beauty and song. 

In studying the bird-life of any given section, the topography of 
the district must first be considered. There are many things 
which affect the distribution of the different species, such as 
climate, elevation, natural surroundings, and general habits of the 

While Hyde Park is fairly well proportioned in the variation of 
its geographical formation, its environment is not so good in this 
respect as in the towns immediately surrounding us. Conse- 
quently, not so great a variety of birds should be expected to be 
found. Surrounded as it is mostly by hills, this territory forms 
somewhat of a natural basin, being open on the northerly side to- 
ward the sea coast, from which it is about eight miles distant. Its 
elevation is slight, having no very high hills within its borders. 
Its area is about five square miles and it contains no large ponds, 
but the surface is pretty well broken up with swamps, small fields, 
meadows, and rocky hills. About a third of the area is wooded. 
The Neponset river, flowing through the town, is our only water- 
way, save a few smaller streams, and gives us a direct outlet to 
the coast. At the southern end of the town are large marshes, 
extending for some miles through the towns of Milton, Dedham 
and Canton; only a small portion of these meadows, however, 
coming within our borders. Consequently, few water birds are 
found here. To the west of us lies West Roxbury, entirely wooded 
along our border. These woods were the haunts of the naturalist 
Samuels, in the early sixties, and it was here that he procured 
much of the material for his well-known book, the " Birds of New 
England." To the north is Boston, and to the east Milton; both 
mostly residential near the boundaries. 

Within this section have been recorded, as far as I have been 
able to ascertain, one hundred and fifty-one varieties of birds. 
These might be divided roughly into six groups. Twenty-four 
may be considered rare or accidental in this vicinity; thirty-three 
may be classified as scarce; twenty-five are migrants, and are 


simply here for a short period in the spring and fall, on their way 
farther north, or south, as the case may be. Of those remaining, 
fifty-two are summer residents only, seven are winter residents 
only, and ten are permanent, or all-the-year-round residents. Of 
these one hundred and fifty-one varieties, I have observed person- 
ally one hundred and forty-one, having kept records and notes on 
the same for the past twelve years. 

We will now take up in the order mentioned, these six groups. 
First, I will give some records of those which I have classed as 
rare, numbering twenty-four species as follows: 

A dickcissel, or black-throated bunting, is recorded from Hyde 
Park in 1878 and Readville 1879. The usual habitat of this 
species, however, is in the middle states. 

A prothonatary warbler was taken here on May 21, 1892. 

A green-crested flycatcher was taken here with its nest and 
three eggs in June, 1888, and is the only specimen of this bird 
ever recorded from Massachusetts, being a more southern species. 

The arctic three-toed woodpecker was abundant about Boston 
in i860, and has been recorded from Hyde Park. 

A saw-whet owl was taken here five or six years ago by Mr. 
Fred Downey, of this town. 

A dovekie, or little auk, was found dead in the Fairmount 
district in 1902. A large flight of these birds was noted about 
here in September, 1872, and were probably driven in by a severe 
storm, as they are usually found only on the coast, and much 
farther north than this latitude. 

A Bicknell's thrush, a bird usually found from northern Maine 
northward, was taken here on May 25, 1905, by Mr. Walter Zappey 
of Roslindale. Mr. Zappey has also taken the following rare birds 
here : Two alder flycatchers, which he took in the migrations of 
1900, and a leach's petrel, which he found dead, floating in the 
Neponset river about ten years ago. The petrels are all ocean 
wanderers and this bird must have been blown in by a severe 

A yellow-bellied flycateher was also taken here in the spring of 


An orchard oriole was taken the same season by F. E. Webster, 
others being seen at the same time. 

American herring gulls, kittewakes, and common terns are 
birds which I have rarely seen within our borders, being birds of 
the coast and occasionally driven inland by severe northeast 

The red-breasted merganser I have taken once on the Nepon- 
set meadows. This is a common bird on the coast. I also ob- 
served a least bittern on these marshes on one occasion. This 
was probably a not uncommon bird here years ago. 

The snowflake I have seen here but once. This was during the 
severe winter of 1903-4, when I watched four of these birds for 
some time, feeding in the road near the Grew School. Mr. Zappey 
also observed a flock here about a week later. They are usually 
common on the coast, where they spend the winter. 

The Connecticut warbler, Tennessee warbler, mourning warbler 
and bay-breasted warbler I have also taken here, but they are all 

The Lincoln's sparrow I have observed only once, and the house 
wren but once. This latter, however, was probably plentiful form- 
erly, breeding in bird boxes until these places were usurped by 
the English sparrow. 

I have also one record of the English goldfinch. I took a speci- 
men of this bird on August 3, 1897. It was in company with 
another of the same species in the woods, and while it might 
possibly have been an escaped cage bird, yet the plumage showed 
no traces of it, and I believe that it was a wild bird, as it is known 
that a number of these birds have been introduced in different 
parts of the country. 

Of the thirty-three species spoken of as scarce, the greater 
number are migrants, and are rather irregular in their visitations 
to this locality. These include such birds as the hairy woodpecker, 
gray-cheeked thrush, black-throated blue warbler, Wilson's warbler, 
and Blackburnian warbler. Others are found, perhaps fairly 
abundant in nearby towns, but the conditions are not just right 
for their habitat here. 


As an instance of this, the long-billed marsh wren is found 
breeding plentifully on the Neponset marshes, but there being 
but a small part of these meadows within the limits of our town, 
the birds are therefore scarce here, as there are no similar con- 
ditions in any other portion of the town. With the warbling 
vireo the case is similar. This bird prefers the shelter of 
the great elm trees, such as are common along the roadsides of 
Milton. Here it hangs its pendant nest from the tip end of some 
long limb, and among its wide-spreading branches it finds ample 
food supply in the way of insects. Here it lives contentedly, 
warbling its sweet song throughout the day. Similar conditions 
would make these birds plentiful in our town. Other birds, as 
the woodcock and the purple martin, were formerly plentiful, but 
now, for various reasons, are scarce. Still others, as the pine 
siskin, redpoll, and pine grosbeak, are irregular winter visitants, 
appearing some seasons in considerable numbers, and perhaps not 
again for six or eight vears. 

The scarcity of birds is dependent upon many things and cannot 
always be accounted for. A few years ago the bluebirds became 
suddenly scarce and remained so for two or three years, causing 
general alarm among bird lovers throughout the state, lest this, 
the most loved, perhaps, of all the common birds, on account of 
its endearing associations, should be doomed to follow in the path 
of the wild pigeon, which formerly roamed over this country in 
countless thousands, but is now practically extinct. Our fears 
were, however, happily without foundation, for the bluebird has 
re-appeared and is now as plentiful as ever. There was also a 
general scarcity of birds of all kinds during the season of 1903-04. 
Heavy storms prevailed during the spring migrations and in the 
early breeding season, causing the destruction of thousands of 
birds, especially those nesting near the ground. These conditions 
prevailed generally throughout the state. Purple martins were 
nearly exterminated in many places. The unusual severity of the 
following winter was also destructive to bobwhites and rufied 
grouse, making them scarce the following season. The result of 
such conditions are entirely overcome, however, in a reasonable 
length of time, and nature again resumes her former balance. 


The English sparrow is doubtless responsible for the scarcity 
of a number of birds which were formerly abundant about our 
houses. They have been driven back to places where, perhaps, they 
are more secure from their natural enemies. In this connection 
we must also consider the individual variation in species. Birds 
are like human beings. They have their likes and their dislikes, 
and while all birds o! a given species follow, in a general way, the 
same custom, they are capable of a remarkable adaptability to 
change of circumstances; even, in some cases, changing their 
entire mode of living to suit the surroundings. This of course, 
would cause certain species to become scarce in places where 
they were formerly plenty. An instance of this change is shown 
by the breeding of the chimney swift, a bird which is supposed to 
have formerly bred in hollow trees in the depths of the forest, but 
now that the forests have been largely cut away in many places, 
it has adapted itself to the change, by nesting in chimneys. Last 
year I spent a month in the wilderness of northeastern Maine. 
Here I found chimney swifts plenty about the lakes, where they 
were probably twenty-five miles from a human habitation, and I 
have every reason to believe that they were breeding here in the 
forest, as they probably did centuries ago. 

Another thing to consider is the extreme restricted locality of 
some birds, while others are found over an extended area. In 
this relation I will mention the prairie warbler. I know of only 
two limited districts in Hyde Park where one would be likely to 
find these birds, yet they cannot be considered scarce, as I could 
nearly always find them by going to either of these places. The 
yellow-breasted chat is a bird of similar habits and its range is 
likewise extremely limited. 

We must know, then, something of the nature and habits of a 
bird to know where to look for it. These facts, however, apply 
principally to the nesting habits, as in migrating many species are 
often found associated in the same flock, which ordinarily have 
nothing in common, and are also found in places totally unlike 
their usual habitat. 

This leads to the consideration of the migrating birds. I 


mean the birds which ordinarily simply pass through this locality, 
going north in the spring, and again going south in the fall. Of 
course nearly all the birds migrate from summer to winter 
quarters. Even with those which we call permanent residents, it 
is not always the same individuals which are present with us the 
year round. 

The migrating of birds has always been one of the greatest 
problems of the bird student, and is today as unsolved in many 
respects as it was a hundred years ago. Because it is so mysterious 
it is therefore interesting and fascinating to study. Of these 
great questions concerning migrations, I will not attempt to speak, 
as this discussion in itself would make a lengthy document. 

Our opportunity for studying the migrating birds is necessarily 
limited to a very few weeks, and sometimes to a few days in 
a season. Perhaps they are here one day and gone the next, and 
it is difficult in the time we have, to become very well acquainted 
with their songs and habits. Severe storms often drive migrating 
birds far from their course, destroying many, and causing others to 
wander to places outside of their usual range. The month of May 
is the usual time of the spring migrations in this locality; from the 
fifteenth to the twenty-fifth being the time of the greatest flight. 
Most of our birds migrate at night, resting and feeding during the 
day-time, and one may often hear the chirps of a passing flock on 
a warm night in the spring or fall. The food supply has much to 
do with the length of their stay. Also if the weather is not favor- 
able the flight will be short. 

Probably the most notable example of migration which we have 
is the flight of the Canadian goose. They usually migrate in the 
day-time, but often at night, like our smaller birds. Who does not 
recognize the loud honk ! honk-a-honk ! of this noble bird as he 
comes northward in the spring, the immense V-shaped flocks 
stretching across the sky ? What a fine general is the old gander 
at the head of the flock, to preserve such perfect order and to guide 
them safely on their long journey northward to their summer 
home ! 

Our principal migrants here are some of the thrushes, sparrows, 


and warblers, and of the twenty-five species mentioned, I will speak 
of three as interesting cases. 

The red-breasted nuthatch is a common migrant, especially in 
the fall, and ocasionally remains throughout the winter. 

The Wilson's thrush is not uncommon in the spring, usually 
remaining here about a week. I have no doubt, however, that it 
sometimes breeds in this locality, as I have found it nesting in 
similar places nearby. 

The blue-headed or solitary vireo is one of our spring and fall 
migrants, though not very abundant, and on one occasion I ob- 
served it nesting here. It was remarkably tame, I remember, 
and allowed me to remove it from its nest with my hand. An 
especially large flight of warblers was noted here in the spring of 
1900, and prevailed generally throughout the state. This flight 
lasted from the ninth of May to the fifth of June. Fifty-two 
species I have classed as summer residents. These, of course, are 
the birds with which we are most familiar, as our opportunity for 
studying them is so much greater than with the others mentioned. 
They represent many different classes and families. Some, as the 
Baltimore oriole, red-eyed vireo, chipping sparrow, yellow warbler, 
and robin, are social fellows, preferring to make their haunts about 
our houses, or in the shade trees along our streets, and rarely 
venture very far into the woods. Others, like the kingbird, purple 
finch, least flycatcher, and bluebird, must be sought for in the 
orchards and fields. Still others, like some of the hawks, bittern, 
rails, swamp sparrow, and brown thrasher — birds which are more 
shy and retiring, must be looked for in the deep recesses of the 
woods and swamps, as they seem to avoid as much as possible the 
society and haunts of man. 

What an endless variety is here presented to us for thought and 
study, or for pleasant recreation. You may watch the chimney 
swift as it hovers over the top of a dead tree, breaking off the twigs 
with which it builds its nest, never once alighting during the 
whole operation ; or you may float down the river in a canoe 
through the marshes just at dusk, and if you sit motionless as 
a statue you will doubtless see the rails come silently out from 


among the rushes and run about on the mud flats in search of in- 
sects, for they have been asleep all day and are just coming out 
for their nightly jaunt and revelry ; but if you make a motion, how- 
ever slight, back they will dart into the shelter of the rushes, only 
to reappear, however, in a few moments. Or again, you may sit 
by the hour some beautiful May morning on the side of a rocky 
hill and watch the red-tailed hawk, as it soars majestically in ever- 
widening circles, rising higher and higher, till it is finally lost to 
vision in its dizzy height. One of these birds has been known to 
soar for five hours without once alighting. Who would suspect 
the great blue heron of such a trick as this ? Yet I one day saw 
one of these great birds rise up from the marsh, and launching 
itself into the air, it circled about, soaring with all the dignity and 
majesty of a hawk, rising up until it was a mere speck in the sky 
and finally disappearing altogether. Each bird has its own peculiar 
habits, and how remarkably it is adapted in form and color to its 
own particular needs. It takes a keen eye indeed to notice the 
ovenbird sitting within its dome-shaped nest upon the ground 
among the leaves, or to discover the ruffed grouse standing motion- 
less in the swamp. Its protective coloration is perfect, blending 
so well with all its surroundings. Watch the woodpecker on the 
dead stub. What powerful muscles of the head and neck he has, 
and what a sharp, strong bill to bore deep into the wood for the 
insects there upon which he feeds. We find many things which 
puzzle us in the study of these charming creatures. Why does 
the wood thrush always adorn its nest with strips of old rags or 
bits of newspaper, woven in among the twigs and roots ? Why 
does the marsh wren build four or five nests, and then choose the 
one which it likes best for occupancy ? These and many other 
questions still remain for us to solve. 

The arrival and departure of the summer birds may be looked 
for at stated periods, but of course will vary somewhat in different 
sections. A special instance is that of the Baltimore oriole, which 
makes its appearance every year about the eighth of May, and in 
the twelve years that I have observed it, has not varied more than 
three days in the time of its arrival here. The spring of 1899 may 


be noted as an early spring, many of the arrivals being much 
earlier than usual. In some of the species the males arrive first, 
being from a week to ten days in advance of the females. I have 
noted this with the bluebirds, flickers and blackbirds. Others, 
however, particularly the late comers, are already mated upon their 
arrival here, and enter at once upon their domestic duties, 

A few instances of birds failing to migrate are noticed, leading 
us to believe that food and shelter may be more prominent features 
in relation to this phenomenon, than is the climate or instinct. 
There is a certain hill in East Milton which is densely covered on 
one side with a thick growth of cedars, forming excellent shelter 
from the cold and storms, and providing a certain amount of food. 
At the foot of this hill is a spring which remains open throughout 
the winter. Here, most any day in winter, may be found flocks 
of robins, flickers, purple finches and myrtle warblers. A bittern 
has also wintered here for a number of years. Would not more 
birds remain with us through the winter if the food supply was 
sufficient? A few of the hawks remain with us through the 
winter, and occasionally flickers and song sparrows in small 

Just before the departure of our summer birds in the fall, one 
may often note large flocks along the roadsides, containing robins, 
sparrows, thrushes and warblers. Thousands of swallows, too, 
will fill the air, and suddenly in one night they will vanish. We 
cannot find one the next day, and we are suddenly brought to the 
realization that summer has really gone. 

The varied songs, plumage, and nesting habits give us ample 
material for study. I remember once finding a song sparrow 
nesting six feet up in a cedar tree in a high field. Why it chose 
this site instead of the usual ground nest in the middle of a 
swamp, I do not know, but it certainly must have been more than 
instinct, and I firmly believe, from the actions which I have ob- 
served in many cases, that birds possess certain powers of reason- 
ing. A peculiar trait I have noted in the ovenbird, is that it is 
often heard to sing in the middle of the night, and I have also ob- 
served this in the indigo bunting, and the swamp sparrow. 


Many of our common birds change their plumage in the fall, 
donning a new coat for their winter wear which is sometimes en- 
tirely different from that worn during the breeding season. Who 
would take the bright-colored goldfinch which we see on our 
thistles and sunflowers, like a very bit of the sun itself, for the 
same bird as that sombre, olive-gray fellow, which we see feeding 
with the flock in the birches by the roadside in winter? The 
scarlet tanager, too, loses his brilliant coat in the fall, and ere he 
leaves for his southern home, has donned a coat of dull olive-yellow 
similar to that worn by his mate during the breeding season. 

Our winter residents are somewhat erratic in there appearance 
here. The slate-colored junco, tree sparrow, white-breasted 
nuthatch, golden-crowned kinglet, and brown creeper, may be met 
with most any winter's day in the woods, but the American and 
the white-winged crossbills are irregular visitants from the far 
north. During the severe winter of i903-'04 these northern birds 
were much in evidence about here. Pine grosbeaks were also 
abundant for the first time in ten years. 

How you laugh as you watch the nuthatch, as he clambers about 
the trunk of the tree in search of insects. He will jump broadside 
around the trunk, or head first down its perpendicular sides, with 
as much ease as he will either forward or backward. He appar- 
ently pays not the slightest heed to the laws of gravity, or equili- 
brium. You marvel, too, at the tiny golden-crowned kinglet, not 
much larger than a humming-bird, and wonder how he can with- 
stand the severe cold. But how happy he is, flitting gaily about, 
finding his food among the pine and cedar trees, and now and then 
giving vent to his contented feelings, with a faint but cheery 
whistle. He is never still for an instant, and as he tips downward 
on the end of a cone, you catch glimpses of his pretty golden 

Adding our list of permanent residents to those which are 
winter visitants only, we have about seventeen species of which 
we might hope to make the acquaintance under favorable circum- 
stances, in a winter's season. 

There is probably more or less migrating of those birds which 


we cal! residents. While the crow, for instance, is with us the 
year round, it is found in much smaller numbers in the winter 
than during the summer months. This is evidenced by the large 
flocks observed in both the spring and fall migrations. 

On the whole I consider the birds as plentiful in this locality as 
they were ten years ago, and I have found their study a partic- 
ularly fascinating one. Their acquaintance may be cultivated and 
their presence encouraged about the house, by providing, food for 
them, especially in winter and in severe weather, and they should 
be protected by all lawful and proper means. It is not difficult for 
anyone to find and study the birds. During a walk of about two 
hours in the migrating season last spring, I observed forty-three 

In conclusion, I would say that if you really want to know any- 
thing about the birds of Hyde Park, go out into the woods and 
fields at daybreak, and listen to their songs, or watch their home 
life in their native haunts. Make them your friends, and you will 
soon find that you have not only learned their habits and their 
songs, but that you have added to your resources, to your health, 
and to your pleasure, and that you are better prepared to go forth 
to solve the difficult problems of the day's work. 



At a meeting of the Curators of the Hyde Park Historical 
Society, Mr. Erastus Edward Williamson, who was the postmaster 
of " Fairmount" in 1864 and 1865, Mr. H. S. Bunton, and Mr. S. 
E. Newell, were appointed a committee to prepare suitable reso- 
lutions on the death of the late Mr, Frank Bowman Rich. On 
behalf of the committee, Mr. Williamson reported as follows : 




DIED JANUARY 17, 1907 

Mr. President : — 

The wise author of Ecclesiastes gave to the world a great truth 
when he wrote that " There is a time to be born and a time to 
die." The circumstances which surround one's birth have, in most 
cases, wide influence in moulding the character and shaping the 
destiny of the individual. The year i860 — the year of our de- 
parted friend's birth — was one of tremendous unrest and anxiety 
to the American people, both in the North and in the South. The 
people of the North, and those of this ancient commonwealth in 
perhaps a special sense, were filled with gloomy forebodings. 
Civil war was soon to burst with almost the velocity of a meteor's 
glare. The peaceful little village of Fairmount and Hyde 
Park, with only five years' brief and unimportant history as a 
settlement, was soon to be the close neighbor of a warlike military 
camp, and, instead of its local energies being centered on the 
development of the new enterprise of building here on the banks 
of the "Neponset" a beautiful and flourishing town, its citizens 
are watching with profound anxiety the dark cloud which was ap- 
pearing in the nation's sky, and which was so soon to burst in the 
most awful war-tempest. A dark pall hung not only over Massa- 


chusetts, but over the entire country ; and this peaceful locality, 
so lavishly favored by our Creator by its undulating scenery, 
was soon to become the camping ground of the volunteer patriot 

Fairmount was the eastern part of the county, barely seven 
or eight miles from the State House, surrounded by the grandly 
beautiful and historic territory of old Dorchester, Milton, Roxbury 
and Dedham, including some of the finest suburbs of New 
England's metropolis. One could stand on Fairmount Hill, and 
the eyes could sweep across the lower harbor of Boston on the 
east, to the Blue Hills, which shut the horizon on the southeast, 
and away over the velvet-like valley of the Neponset to the south; 
and over to the west and north were prosperous towns. With 
such sourroundings, on the surpassingly inspiring spot on Summit 
street, Fairmount, then a part of the rich township of Milton, 
Frank Bowman Rich was born. 

He had excellent parentage. His father, Henry A. Rich, a man 
of sterling traits of character, born in 1833 in Hardwick, Mass., 
gave to our lamented friend, whom we hereby seek to honor, many 
of his habits of industry and his disposition to take interest in 
everything which had reference to his native village. His mother, 
Harriet F. Bowman, was born in Warwick, Mass., in 1832. She 
was of an intellectual cast of mind, and had received early 
mental training as a teacher in the public schools. It will thus be 
seen that the early childhood of the late Mr. Rich was guided by 
honest-hearted and highly intelligent home influences. His 
mother inculcated into the minds of her children studious habits 
and a deep love for the little village of Fairmount. 

Mr. Rich's boyhood days were passed as might be those of any 
country-village boy. His was not the farmer-boy life — the best 
possible early life — but it was life in the country, indeed, and a 
beautiful country. He was scarcely more than five or six years 
old when his inherent penchant for gathering interesting items 
and clippings began to manifest itself, and before he was ten he 
had gathered interesting and valuable books and documents which 
bore on the local history of Fairmount, and works of authors 


specially calculated to increase his love of home and native heath. 
In this he was very methodical, a characteristic more fully de- 
veloped later in life. 

" The child is father of the man," says the familiar proverb, and 
at school he was very industrious and proficient in his studies, 
and in 1873, at the age of thirteen, he graduated from the Fair- 
mount School, afterward attending the Hyde Park High School. 
With this educational equipment, not especially remarkable, he 
entered the Bryant & Stratton Commercial College, of Boston, 
where he planned to fit himself for a purely mercantile career. But 
few of the occurrences of the now five-years' old town of Hyde 
Park escaped his attention. In this characteristic he inherited 
the industry of his honored father in gathering historical facts and 
in compiling day by day the most important happenings in this 
rapidly growing village, so that in later life, when he began to 
enter into the public affairs of the town, he was the best equipped 
man in the whole surrounding section regarding the personal and 
local history of the new municipality. 

In 1879, when he was scarcely nineteen, he entered the whole- 
sale dry-goods house of Lewis Coleman & Co., Boston, and began 
what he fondly supposed was to be a purely commercial career. 
In this he was to be mistaken. The immortal hymn by Cowper, 
written more than a century previous, fitly applies to this period 
in Mr. Rich's life. 

" God moves in a mysterious way, 
His wonders to perform." 

I have received from the present postmaster of Mcdford, Mr. J 
Henry Norcross, who hired Mr. Rich as a boy, the following 
interesting letter, which pays fine tribute to the young man then 
starting out in business life : 

" Medford, M;iy 1, 1907. 
E. E. Williamson, Esq. 
My dear Sir : 
It is quite difficult to give full and strong recollections of Frank 
B. Rich of Hyde Park, as a member of the firm of Lewis Coleman Co., 9-19 
Chauncy street, Boston. I hired him as a boy to learn the wholesale dry and 
fancy goods business. This must have been nearly thirty years ago. I distinctly 


bear him in mind as mature from the very start, applying himself very closely, 
so noticeable as to receive quite rapid promotion, for he was earnest, ambitious, 
and a hard worker. 

Sincerely yours. 

J. Henry Norcross." 

As befalls most of us, unforeseen conditions and circumstances 
changed the whole course and trend of his earthly life. January 
ist, 1886, after seven years' service with this firm, he tendered his 
resignation, and conjointly with his only brother, established the 
well-known dry goods business in this town under the firm name 
of Rich Brothers. In connection with his other business relations, 
he decided to establish a real estate and insurance agency, and in 
this, also, success to a marked degree crowned his efforts. 

Never for a moment did he abandon his favorite pastime — the 
study of local history — continually gathering a fund of valuable 
historical facts for the fortunate future historian of this fair inland 

In 1879 an( l 1884 his alumni association made him its president, 
showing that in these small affairs he was popular with his fellow- 
pupils. Again in 1883 he was influential in organizing the Young 
Men's Lyceum of Hyde Park, and was the first president of the 
same. It was this year, also, that he became the president of the 
Young Men's Republican Club, which really marks his entry into 
political affairs in Hyde Park. 

In connection with his business, in 1883 he was honored by Gov- 
norer Benjamin F. Butler with an appointment as justice of the 
peace, and he held that office by reappointment ever afterwards, 
receiving commissions from Governors Brackett and Wolcott. At 
the same he was taking great interest in the social life of Hyde 
Park. In 1884 he was the chief templar of Energetic Lodge, 125, 
of the Independent Order of Good Templars ; but his social obliga- 
tions and connections did not turn him aside from his pursuit of 
things nearest to his heart regarding the welfare and history of 
his town. We find him, in 1885, treasurer of the Republican Town 
Committee, and chairman of the Fourth of July celebration com- 
mittee; and also, chief marshal of the parade, thus showing that he 
was honored by those who had these public matters in charge. 


In 1887 he was elected a trustee of Hyde Park Public Library 
and served in that capacity for three years. On the 15 th of March, 
1887, he joined the Hyde Park Historical Society, which was or- 
ganized at that time. All these things indicate his interest in 
local affairs, and his ambition to be useful to his native town. 
About this period the most interesting and important fact of his 
life thus far occurred — his marriage, December 13, 1888, to Miss 
Emma S. Young, of Jamaica Plain, Mass., and this marriage, which 
was an exceedingly happy one, covered the period of eighteen 
years, one month and four days. Three children were the result of 
this union, and no happier family existed within the limits of our 

He was soon after, in 1896, appointed a notary public by Gov- 
ernor Greenhalge, and also became a member of Forest Lodge, 
184, I. O. O. F., thus still further becoming connected with the 
manifold social elements of the town, and it may be said that in 
these fraternal organizations he found congenial companionships, 
and was ever one of the most popular and most welcome members 
of the several organizations to which he belonged. His patriotism 
and public spirit were well-known and appreciated, and it is not to 
be wondered at that in 1897 Timothy Ingraham Post, 121, G. A. 
R. elected him an associate member, and the Grand Army boys 
were always pleased to a high degree with his connection with 
their membership. 

This year, as it proved, was to be a most important one in the 
life of Mr. Rich, for he was to be chosen to the board of select- 
men, the most important position in the government of the town, 
and was re-elected to that office in 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1904 
and 1905, seven terms in all, and was chairman of four boards, 
those of 1898, 1899, 1904 and 1905. 

He was also a member of Eunice Degree Lodge, 149, Daughters 
of Rebecca, in connection with his Odd Fellowship, and a member 
of Hyde Park Lodge, 138, Knights of Pythias, being a Past Chan- 
cellor, and, also, a member of Uniformed Degree Rank of the same 

When the Hyde Park National Bank was organized in 1904, he 


was chosen a director, and took great pains to secure the first bill 
issued by the bank, number one of the five-dollar denomination. 
He served as a director till his death. His church connection 
was with the Unitarian Society, and when the church edifice was 
erected he became an active member and retained his interest 
ever afterward, holding important positions. 

Besides engaging in these various activities pertaining to the 
town, he essayed to enter more largely into the public affairs of 
the county, and aspired to become a county commissioner, for 
whose duties he was amply qualified by experience and natural 
aptitude ; and while he did not then succeed in securing the 
coveted position, still, he made his name more familiar to the 
district comprising our county, and became acquainted in a larger 
field of political life. 

All these official stations which he held, and the social position 
he easily attained, gave evidence of the fine, popular traits which 
he possessed, and had his span of life been lengthened, he would 
have gained larger opportunity for his abilities. None of us who 
followed him Patriots' Day, April 19, 1906, as he went from house 
to house through the Fairmount district, will ever forget the rare 
judgment he showed in narrating the history of the houses, nor 
his apt references to the original occupants of the places. His 
nature had a humorous side, and he could see the peculiarities of 
temperament and the varied characteristics of the early settlers, 
with whom he had associated as a boy and young man. Who of 
us who knew him well can ever forget his bright, penetrating eyes 
— the great human indicators — as they lighted up and fairly 
sparkled while he engaged in conversation, or became earnest in 
advocacy of anything dear to his heart ? Hyde Park has seldom 
had within its borders a brighter or more comprehensive intellect 
with reference to business intelligence and historic research; and 
no man ever lived in Hyde Park who loved the town better, or 
knew more of its people, both early and latterly, or was more 
universally beloved, and few people would be so deeply mourned 
at their taking off. 
There is a very pathetic side to the sudden death of this dear 


friend. We see him in the vigor of health and manhood starting 
out on a bright morning in January, bidding his wife and children 
an affectionate good-bye, on the very threshold of his door, and 
even having them follow him down the walk, little dreaming that 
it was to be the last earthly greeting. 

Nothing could be more pathetic. He could well exclaim with 
that writer of sweet songs, P. P. Bliss, 

" I know not what awaits me, 

God kindly veils my eyes. 
* * * * 
Oh blissful lack of wisdom, 

'Tis blessed not to know; 
He holds me with his own right hand, 

And will not let me go." 

On January 9, 1907, as he was walking the streets of Boston, in 
Park Square, he was suddenly stricken with apoplexy, and died 
January 17th following, at the City Hospital, Boston, never having 
fully regained consciousness. Thus was brought to a close an 
active, useful, industrious life. By some, it seems that such a 
sudden taking off is " untimely," but we hesitate to declare any 
death " untimely." 

In June, 1865, when the whole northern section of our country 
was in mourning for the death of Abraham Lincoln, Senator 
Charles Sumner, one of the most distinguished orators of any 
time in the world's history, began his marvelously eloquent oration 
on Lincoln with these words, " In the universe of God, there are 
no accidents, from the fall of a sparrow to the fall of an empire, or 
the sweep of a planet ; all is according to Divine Providence, whose 
laws are everlasting." 

It was no accident that gave to the town of Hyde Park the 
services of the industrious local historian and patriotic citizen, 
whose memory we seek to honor, and in the light of what we 
believe to be God's infinite wisdom, we cannot properly affirm that 
his sudden and unexpected departure to another life was a mere 


" All is of God ! If he but wave his hand, 

The mists collect, the rains fall thick and loud ; 

Till, with a smile of light on sea and land, 

Lo! He looks back from the departing cloud" 

The great mysteries of life and death are beyond our frail human 
knowledge. But this we know, none return who cross with the 

" For none return from those quiet shores, 

Who cross with the boatman cold and pale : 
We hear the dip of the golden oars, 

We catch a gleam of the snowy sail : 
And lo! they have passed from our yearning heart, 

They cross the stream and are gone for aye. 

We may not sunder the veil apart 

That hides from our visions the gates of day : 

We only know that their barks no more 
May sail with us over life's stormy sea : 

Yet, somewhere, I know, on the unseen shore, 
They watch and beckon and wait for me." 

We, therefore, his fellow citizens, desiring to place upon our 
records our estimation of his life and character, do hereby adopt 
this portrayal of his life-work, and the following preamble and 
resolutions : 

Whereas, in the infinite wisdom and providence of our Heavenly 
Father, one of our highly esteemed fellow-citizens, who became a valued 
member of this society at the time of its organization, March 15, 1887, 
FRANK BOWMAN RICH, has been called suddenly away by death ; 

Whereas, the Hyde Park Historical Society desires to make per- 
manent record of its high regard for and deep appreciation of his many 
social accomplishments and civic virtues, be if therefore 

Resolved : Firstly : That In the death of Frank Bowman Rich, his 
immediate family has lost a loyal and true husband, who loved and 
honored his home, and whose affections centered in it; an affectionate 
and indulgent father, whose profound love for his children called forth 
the deepest expression of tenderness and the most earnest exhibitions of 
paternal sacrifice; a brother, who always felt the right brotherly attach- 
ment, and indicated it in all his family and business relations; our town 
a citizen, who was exceedingly patriotic, and who loved with intensity 
the place of his birth, where he had spent his life, and spared no pains 
in preserving the precious record, both of persons and of places asso- 


dated with it; a public servant whose integrity and uprightness were 
never questioned nor doubted ; whose ability was conspicuous, and 
whose industry and painstaking efforts on behalf of Hyde Park will be 
an enduring and pleasant memory; our townspeople a friend, loyal and 
confiding always, whose personal presence was an inspiration to good- 
fellowship and sociability ; and lastly and comprehensively, we all are 
bereft of a modest gentleman, of genial personality and bearing, whose 
absence from our streets and from places connected with our social life 
and activities is felt by all who knew him, and his demise is regarded as 
a severe personal loss to his friends and to this community. 

Resolved : Secondly : That the late Mr. Rich's example is an in- 
centive to greater endeavors to build up our town and to augment a 
patriotic interest in its history and well-being, and to preserve its 
honorable transactions and local records for the generations to come. 

Resolved: Thirdly: That this rehearsal of the dominant features 
of his career, with the preambie and resolutions, be filed with the 
records of this Society, and a copy be sent to the family of the deceased. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Erastus E. Williamson, 
Henry S. Bunton, 
Stillman E. Newell. 




The American Republic is a nation of readers. Probably no 
other nation in the world is composed of such omnivorous readers. 
They may well be styled in the language of Horace, heluones 
librorum — gormandizers of books. The remarkable increase of 
publications — books, pamphlets, magazines and newspapers — in- 
dicates the rapid growth of this habit. 

The question may naturally arise, Whence comes it ? What is 
the cause of this wonderful growth of the reading habit ? Various 
circumstances, doubtless, have contributed to this result, but it is 
perfectly safe to affirm that the principal cause was our civil war of 
1861-5. Throughout the entire country some one from almost 
every family had joined the army and gone to the front. His 
family and friends were anxious to know what battles were fought 
and how it fared with the loved one. They therefore began to 
take the daily newspaper. Before the close of the war the habit 
of reading the papers was so fully established that it could not be 
broken off. 

A few years before the war the writer was teaching in one of 
the most intelligent villages in the Old Bay State. At that time 
there were not half a dozen daily papers taken in the village. 
Since then the population has probably doubled. A few years 
ago, on a visit to that village, I inquired of the newsdealer how 
many daily papers he sold. After looking at his books he informed 
me that he sold on an average fifty copies of one of the Boston 
dailies, one hundred and fifty of another and three hundred and 
fifty of a third, besides local papers and other dailies. 

This reading habit has caused a marvelous increase not only in 
newspapers, but in magazine literature and the entire range of 


books of all sorts and upon all subjects. Massachusetts leads the 
world in public libraries free to all her inhabitants. It will at 
once be obvious that a large proportion of readers will call for 
light reading. Fiction will inevitably be the most popular, and 
hence will constitute a great part of the reading of the masses. 

The question, therefore, will naturally arise, What is the effect 
of this light reading ? Much of the popular fiction is chaff, saw- 
dust, no nourishment in it. It is in reality deleterious. The 
general impression is that light reading tends to deterioration of 
character. There is much evidence, however, to show that the 
result is not always in that direction. Those who are really vicious 
in character will deteriorate, but the majority soon tire of sawdust 
and seek for something which has nutriment ; hence they will 
refuse Mrs. Holmes, Mrs. Wood, and Oliver Optic, and will event- 
ually read Mrs. Stowe, Hawthorne, Dickens, Scott and Stevenson. 

After I left college an opportunity offered to buy a bookstore 
and circulating library, the proprietor having died. I scorned the 
proposition. A circulating library ! Dealing out fiction for 
servant girls to read ? Not I. The business was bought by a 
quiet, modest man, of good judgment and excellent moral character. 
Many years after, I had frequent conversations with him relative 
to the influence of novel reading. He assured me that he had 
studied the subject carefully, that he had observed the character 
of the book-takers and noticed the quality of the books taken from 
time to time by the same persons. He became thoroughly con- 
vinced that, where the character of the person was not already 
bad, undermined, the general tendency was to leave the lower 
grade of stories and take a better class of literature. 

Now, What is, in general, the character of fiction ? Fiction is 
often called stories, novels, romance. It is, in the main, imaginary 
history and biography. Its character, in one respect, depends 
upon how closely the narrative clings to nature. Walter Scott 
was always careful to follow nature. Herein is one of his greatest 
excellencies. It is related that on one occasion he and a friend 
strolled around a castle ruin about which he was writing, and he 
stopped here and there to note the kinds of flowers and shrubs 


which grew there. His friend chided him and remarked that one 
kind of rose would do as well as another in a novel. But the poet 
author told him that we could not improve on nature, and it is 
safer to follow the real facts in describing natural scenery. 

The substance of most novels is imaginary biography and 
history as the writer conceives it might be. The better class of 
fiction, especially historical novels, naturally leads to the reading 
of history, and that history is profitable which shows the progress 
of mankind, the elevation of the human race. 

Well-written history is one of the most beneficial departments 
of human learning, and whatever aids and fosters history is com- 
mendable. One important difference in the study of our own 
country's history compared with the history of European nations, 
is that the genesis of our story is not involved in obscurity and 
mixed with myth and legend, as theirs almost invariably is. The 
sources of history are the chronicles of each and every period. It 
becomes necessary, therefore, that records should be kept of the 
life of the people in every decade. This shows something of the 
importance of the work of local historical societies, like ours. The 
following illustration is clipped from a recent Boston newspaper. 
It is full of suggestions as to the value of local history and of the 
importance of preserving it. 


" The history of a typical New England town is a history in miniature of New 
England. When one of these old towns celebrates the centennial or some other 
important anniversary of its founding and brings back its sons who have won 
fame elsewhere to tell the story, a great deal is said that is of historic and literary 
value, with a flavor of folklore in reminiscences and anecdotes which rarely gets 
into more formal volumes. A good illustration lies before us in the collected 
papers and records of the celebration of the bi-centennial of the founding of New 
Milford, Ct. Men of national reputation in church and state have gone out 
from that town. The late Pres. Noah Porter of Yale was once the pastor of the 
Congregational church. One of the two sons of Connecticut whose statues are 
in the Capitol at Washington was Roger Sherman of New Milford, whose career 
was finely sketched in an address by Chief Justice S. E. Baldwin. Local 
characters which would grace a first-class novel are described in some of the 
addresses. The editor, Mr. Minot S. Giddings, has done his part well, and the 
collection with illustrations makes a comely volume of over 300 pages. The 


present and coming generations will know more and care much more about 
their native town because this celebration took place and these records of it are 
preserved. It is a wise investment for any town with a worthy history to com- 
memorate it and to keep in the minds of its citizens the things which have given 
it value. This is the more important for those New England towns whose native 
stock has been in large measure supplemented by immigration, and whose chief 
characteristic ■> in this way may be preserved." 

It is plainly the duty of our local Historical Society to record 
for future generations the current annals of our time, and of the 
town to give a liberal support to the work of the Society. 



Elihu Greenwood was born in Sherborn, Mass., July 2d, 1807, 
the son of Reuben and Catherine Greenwood. His mother was 
Catherine Fuller, of Dover, Mass. 

x^t the age of nineteen years he left home and walked to Boston 
with nothing of this world's goods but the clothes he had on and 
fifty cents in his pocket. He first obtained employment in the 
ice business ; "later in the Faneuil Hall market, where he stayed 
until he had saved money enough to purchase one of the stalls 
(Nos. 99-101) in that market. He and his brother Bela remained 
here until he bought the farm now bearing his name in Hyde 
Park, Mass. 

On November 10th, 1833, he married Miss Phoebe Haley Chad- 
bourn, of Kennebunk, Maine, at the residence of her brother, Seth 
Chadbourn, on Channing street, Boston, Mass. Seth Chadbourn 
was a member of the firm of Chadbourn Bros., of Hawley street. 
As a result of this union there were ten children, six boys and 
four girls. They went to reside in Brighton, Mass., and remained 
there until January 3d, 1842, when he purchased of Nathaniel 
Crane a farm of seventy-five acres in the western part of the town 
of Dorchester, Mass., now a part of the town of Hyde Park. 

The old homestead is still standing at the corner of East River 
street and Metropolitan avenue. 

Mr. Greenwood, with his family, attended the Orthodox Church 
at Milton Lower Mills, now known as the Village Church on River 
street, next to the engine house, this being the nearest church at 
that time. In the fall of 1863 he attended the Baptist Church in 
Hyde Park and made a public acknowledgement of that faith 
under the preaching of Lawyer Durant, of Boston, who was hold- 



ing services in Bragg's Hall with the Baptist and Congregational 
churches. The following July 17th, 1864, he and his wife were 
baptized in the Neponset river near the Fairmount Avenue 

He was a member of the school board of the town of Dorchester. 
He was a public-spirited man, especially in his actions. He, and 
a friend of his, Mr. John Weld, of Jamaica Plain, were instru- 
mental in having the County Commissioners lay out what is now 
known as Harvard and Hyde Park avenues from Fairmount 
avenue to Forest Hills ; in order that this should not fail, he gave 
all the land required for this across his farm from Westminster 
street to the brook this side of Clarendon Hills. He also gave 
one-half the land for Metropolitan avenue from East River street 
to Greenwood Square. He donated fifteen hundred dollars toward 
the erection of the Baptist church, and was one of the building 
committee of the same. A few years after his death his widow 
donated eighteen hundred dollars to the Methodist Church. The 
Greenwood School, Greenwood Avenue, and Greenwood Square, 
were all named in honor of him. 

He commenced life penniless, and died March 16th, 1871, leav- 
ing a widow and four children and an estate valued at $80,000, 
and not owing one cent to anybody, having paid 100 cents from 
the cradle to the grave. 



Whereas, by a sudden and startling dispensation of Divine Providence to 
which we bow in humble submission, while we cannot fathom its inscrutability, 
one whom we all trusted and respected, and whom those of us who were per- 
mitted to know intimately loved — has been removed from the sphere of his 
earthly activities and influences, now 

Therefore, the Hyde Park Historical Society, of which he was ever a devoted 
and active friend and member, desires to give utterance to the general feeling of 
sorrow at his removal, and to place on record some permanent expression of its 
sense of bereavement and loss. 

Mr. Allen was a monumental character, a man 01 sterling integrity, which 
he inherited from a long line of upright and downright men and women of self- 
sacrificing public spirit and fidelity; one who recognized the duties of citizenship 
as no less imperative than its privileges are valuable, and who gave freely and 
intelligently of his time, his influence, and his pecuniary resources for the public 

In his business life he filled many and responsible positions, and always 
with credit to himself and a broad-minded regard for the interests committed to 
his charge; and as a friend and counsellor, his genius, devotion and honest 
practical common sense made his advice valuable and his admonitions just and 
effective. When, to all those strong and positive traits of character are added 
the sweet graces of spirit and native kindliness of heart, which endeared him as 
a personal friend and companion to those of us who were privileged to know and 
appreciate him in the more intimate and sacred walks of life, in his home and 
with his family, in prosperity and adversity — we realized in some adequate 
degree, our great love, and that is not straining the oft-quoted sentiment of the 
great master alike of ideas and their expression, to say of our beloved companion 
and departed friend, 

" He was a man take him for all in all, 
I shall not look upon his like again." 

" He was an honest, loyal friend in joy 

And sorrow just the same; 
Unselfish as the light of day, and faithful 

Even in words of blame; 

"Thoughtful of others, courteous, kind, 

Of noble heart and generous hand ; 
No petty meanness stained his soul 

And e'en his very faults were grand ! " 


Samuel R. Moseley, 
G. Fred Gridley, 
Charles Sturtevant, 


The annual meeting of the Society was held January 14th, with 
an attendance of seventy- five members. President C. G. Chick 

The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted in the 
choice of: 

President, Charles G. Chick. 

Secretary, Fred L. Johnson. 
Treasurer, Henry B. Humphrey. 

Curators, A. H. Brainard, George L. Richardson, G. L. 
Stocking, George M. Harding, E. I. Humphrey, Charles F. 
Jenney, Frank B. Rich. 

Vice Presidents, David Perkins, Henry S. Grew, Henry S. 
Bunton, Robert Bleakie, James D. McAvoy, Richard M. Johnson, 
Willard S. Everett, Isaac Bullard, James E. Cotter, Stephen B. 
Balkam, Samuel T. Elliott, John J. Enneking, William A. Mowry. 
William J. Stuart, Ferdinand A. Wyman, Samuel A. Tuttle, Henry 
B. Miner, Stillman A. Newell, Randolph P. Moseley, G. Fred 

An invitation was received from the Hyde Park Current 
Events Club to attend their public meeting held January 17th, in 
the Unitarian Church at 8 p. m. Col. Taylor of the Boston Globe 
addressed the club on " Modern Journalism." 

A donation of programmes of different public exercises held at 
the Baptist Church in Hyde Park was received. 

Curator Charles F, Jenney read a paper on " Hyde Park One 
Hundred Years Ago," giving many interesting facts about the 
families and locations of prominent houses in the territory of 
the present town. 

Dr. Edward H. Baxter was elected a member of the Society. 

58 historical record 

May 2. 

At a regular meeting held this date, about twenty-two members 
were present. President Chick addressed the meeting and paid a 
tribute of respect to the memory of the late Stephen B. Balkam, a 
vice president of the Society. 

A committee of three was appointed to draft suitable resolutions 
— James E. Cotter, J. King Knight, Samuel T. Elliott. 

A donation of books and papers was made by Mr. H. F. Kenney, 
of Philadelphia, through Mr. A. A. Folsom, of Boston. 

In behalf of Mrs. Lora Pattee Jenney, Curator Charles F. Jenney 
presented to the Society a portrait of Henry C. Stark and gave a 
brief sketch of his life which is in manuscript and accompanies 
the portrait. It is as follows : 


Henry Clifton Stark, son of the late Clifton Stark, was born at 
North Ipswich, N H. April 17th, 1849. He came to Hyde Park 
with his parents about 1869, an d was educated in our public schools. 
For many years Mr. Stark was associated with the hardware firm of 
Fuller, Dana & Fitz, of Boston, Mass. He afterward was associated 
with his father in the stove business in this town, finally succeeding 
him in business. The store carried on by him is the one which is 
now occupied by Charles Lewis, Esq., and William E. Smalling. 

In the early 7o's Mr. Stark went West, and while there was 
severely injured in a railroad accident, and it was many years before 
he fully recovered from the same. A little later, however, he became 
very active in business and political circles. In 1879 he was elected 
a member of our board of selectmen, and was re-elected six times 
thereafter, serving as chairman of the board ini88i, 1882, 1885 and 
1886. Although a Democrat in politics, he was elected in a strong 
Republican town, and received the support of our citizens irre- 
spective of party. 

In 1883 Mr. Stark was elected Representative to the General 
Court on the Democratic ticket and served on the Committee on 
Banks and Banking. 

August 1st, 1885, he was appointed by President Cleveland, 


postmaster of our town and served until February nth, 1890. 
During his adminstration of the postoffice the service was greatly 
improved, the free delivery service being established October 1st, 
1887. As a public recognition of his services as postmaster, the 
citizens of Hyde Park, irrespective of party, tendered him a public 
banquet in the Grand Army Hall on April 5th, 1888, which was 
attended by about one hundred of our best known citizens. 

Mr. Stark was presented by the chairman, Orin T. Gray, Esq., 
with a gold-headed cane suitably inscribed. Complimentary 
remarks were made by many of our leading citizens, both political 
parties being equally represented. 

In later years and up to the time of his death, Mr. Stark was 
engaged as a promoter in many large enterprises in Boston. 

Pollen D. Lewis, wife of Charles Lewis, at present a resident of 
Hyde Park, is the nearest surviving relative. Maria Pattee Stark, 
Mr. Stark's widow, died October 3d, 1900, at their old residence, 
213 West River street. 

The crayon, which is this day presented to the Historical 
Society by Mrs. Lora Pattee Jenney, wife of Edwin C. Jenney, and 
neice of Mrs. Stark, was secured by Mrs. Stark in 1897, and hung 
in her home up to the time of her death. 

Mr. George L. Richardson read a paper on the history of Stony 
Brook, giving a wealth of interesting details concerning mills, 
factories, damages, and improvements along its course from source 
to mouth. 

October 26, 1901. 

A regular meeting of the Society was held this date, President 
Chick in the chair. 

Mr. Charles D. Elliot, who was to have addressed the meeting, 
was unable to be present on account of ill health, and Dr. William 
A. Mowry kindly consented to take his place. 

His subject was "Anti-slavery Days " and the cause that led up 
to the Civil War. His remarks were deeply interesting and were 
a real treat to those fortunate enough to be present. 

Mr. Robert Scott, Jr., donated a portrait of his father, Mr. Robert 
Scott of Dana avenue. 

60 historical record 

November 12, 1901. 
A regular meeting of the Society was held this date, but as Mr. 
Charles D. Elliot was still unable to appear and read his paper, the 
meeting was adjourned to the annual meeting in January, 1902. 

January 7, 1902. 

The annual meeting of the society was held on this date, with 
twenty members present. President Charles G. Chick in the 

Last year's officers were all re-elected, except that Frank O. 
Draper was elected vice president in place of Stephen B. Balkam, 

Mr. James E. Cotter offered resolutions on the death of Mr. 
Balkam which were adopted. A memorial sketch of Mr. Balkam 
was printed in Vol. Ill of our Historical Record. 

Mr. Robert Bleakie donated a volume, the "Annals of Hawick," 

A vote was passed allowing Mr. Harry Iligbee to make a copy 
of the photograph of the hermit's house that stood in Grew's 

Mr, Charles D. Elliot read a paper on "John Winthrop and his 
house on the Mystic" This was a highly interesting paper and 
delighted those who heard it. 

May 1, 1902. 

A meeting of the Society was held this date in Weld Hall. 
Sixty members were present. This meeting was called to com- 
memorate the thirty-fourth anniversary of the town. The board 
of Selectmen, the ministers of the various churches, and Repre- 
sentative E. Q. Dyer were invited to be present. Mr. Gordon H. 
Knott, whose name is closely identified with the early days of 
Hyde Park, was invited to attend, but was unable to come. 

President Chick addressed the meeting, recalling incidents in 
the town's early history, and spoke of the great improvement in 
the town and of the large increase in population. 

General H. B. Carrington, in behalf of Mr. Henry S. Grew, 
presented to the Society a portrait of Mr. Henry Grew, who lived 
on the beantiful Grew estate on West Street. 


Mr. Charles F. Jenney, in behalf of Mr. Robert H. Vivian, pre- 
sented a funeral badge worn in Boston on the occasion of General 
Zachary Taylor's funeral. 

Mr. Jenney suggested that the society should procure suitable 
show-cases to hold articles of this sort, so that they may be more 
accessible to the members. 

The speakers of the evening were then introduced, the first 
being Horace E. Ware, Esq., who spoke for the Milton part of the 
town (that part of Hyde Park which was originally in Milton). He 
spoke of the old mill on the Neponset river, and especially the 
powder mill which was built on the site of the Webb mill at Mil- 
ton in 1674, and was blown up in 1774, after which another was 
built almost opposite. 

Mr. Thomas F. Temple represented the Dorchester part of the 
town, and spoke of the Thompson who owned Thompson's island 
in the harbor, which was afterward granted to the town of Dor- 
chester, and rented for twenty pounds a year for the benefit of 
a public school. He set forth the claims of Dorchester to the 
first church, first free mill and first public school in New England. 
Mr. Temple was town clerk of Dorchester in 1868, when Hyde 
Park was formed. 

Mr. Julius H. Tuttle spoke for the Dedham part of the town, 
and of the work and influence of historical societies, such as the 
Hyde Park and Dedham societies, in encouraging the study of 
American history. 

October 28, 1902. 

The regular fall meeting of the Society was held, with an 
attendance of fifty members. 

Rev. Carleton A. Staples, of Lexington, Mass., spoke on the 
subject, " How the news of the battle of Lexington was received 
in England." Mr. Staples, well versed in colonial history, was 
greatly enjoyed by those present. 

On motion of Mr. Charles F. Jenney, it was voted to appoint a 
new committee on publication. The chair appointed Dr. Wm. A. 
Mowry, Frank B. Rich and Fred L. Johnson. President Chick 
spoke of the revival of interest in the Historical Record, and 


as funds would be needed to carry on the work, suggested that a 
loan exhibit of historical relics collected from the families of the 
town would be appropriate and interesting. 

It was voted to appoint a committee of five to confer with a 
similar committee from the Current Events Club of the town to 
arrange for an exhibition of this kind, both societies to share 
expenses and proceeds equally. The chair appointed Mrs. S. A. 
Tuttle, Mrs. J. E. Cotter, Mrs. Chas. A. Fisher, Mrs. R. P. Mose- 
ley and Mrs. W. W. Wilde. 

Received a picture of the house of Gordon H. Knott, taken in 
the '60s, and a group picture of the School Board of 1902. 

January 6, 1903. 

The regular annual meeting called for this date was adjourned 
to the 19th inst. 

January 19, 1903. 

An adjourned annual meeting was held this date, with Presi- 
dent Chick in the chair. Twenty-five members were present. 
After the reading of the usual reports, the Librarian was in- 
structed to examine the files of local newspapers which we have 
on hand, and confer with the Treasurer about means to bind 
those which are complete. 

All the officers of the Society were re-elected for the ensuing 
year except the following: J. Roland Corthell elected Curator in 
place of George M. Harding, who was elected Vice President in 
place of J. D. McAvoy. 

Mr. J. H. Crandon spoke to the Society on " Colonial and 
Revolutionary Social Life," more particularly in Boston. He was 
very interesting and held the close attention of the audience. 

March 23, 1903. 

The meeting called for this evening was postponed to the 31st 
inst. on account of the weather. 

March 31, 1903. 

A postponed meeting of the Society was held this date, with 
Vice-President Henry S. Bun ton in the chair. 

Curator Charles F. Jenney made a report on the proposed dedi- 


cation of a memorial stone on the nineteenth of April at the site 
of the first house built in Hyde Park, and solicited donations to 
the amount of fifty dollars, nineteen having been pledged already. 

Mrs E. D. Swallow, of the Ladies' Committee, reported on a 
social and reception to be given in Weld Hall on the evening of 
the nineteenth of April, recommending that guests as well as 
members wear continental or colonial dress. 

President Charles G. Chick read a valuable and interesting 
paper on " The Spark that kindled the Revolution." 

April 20, 1903. 

The Spring meeting of the Society was held this day, and con- 
sisted of a walk to the East River Street district in the morning, 
and a reception arranged by the ladies in the evening at Weld 
Hall. A party of twenty members and their friends assembled 
at ten o'clock in the morning at the Library building, and under 
the guidance of Curator Charles F. Jenney walked to River Street 
station, stopping at a number of interesting historical houses and 
locations on the way. Mr. Jenney gave a description of each 
point of interest, and by the time the party had proceeded half 
the distance it had increased to sixty people. 

The chief object of this walk was to dedicate a memorial stone 
erected near the site of the first house built in the present con- 
fines of Hyde Fark. This stone is a granite slab placed at the 
northwest corner of the paper-mill yard and on the inner line of 
the sidewalk. The success of this effort was very largely due to 
Curator Jenney, who studied the records and prepared the his- 
torical matter which was necessary. President Charles G. Chick 
also added to the pleasure of the event by his historical address. 

In the evening a Colonial Reception was held in Weld Hall. 
The receiving party were in costume and consisted of President 
Charles G. Chick and Mrs. Chick, Gen. H. B. Carrington and Mrs. 
Carrington, and Mr. and Mrs- F. L. Johnson. A large number 
were present and took part in the enjoyment of the evening. 

October 12, 1903. 
A special meeting was held, and forty members were present. 


Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Rice, of Hyde Park, presented to the 
Society an old seraphine made by J. G. Pearson, of Worcester, 

Mr. J. Roland Corthell, of Readville, presented the records of 
the Readville Improvement Association. 

The records of the Butler Club, dated September 7th, 1871, 
were received by the Librarian. 

Mr. Frank Smith, of Dedham, read a very interesting paper on 
the early settlers of Dedham, Mass. Mr. Smith sketched the life 
of the settlers from every standpoint — religious, social and politi- 
cal, giving a very full description of their home life and habits. 
The paper was well written and well read, and showed the results 
of a great amount of research by the author. 

November 16, 1903. 

A special meeting of the Society was held, about twenty mem- 
bers being present. 

After the transaction of routine business it was voted to repair, 
tune, and otherwise put in order the seraphine in the collection 
of the Society. 

Mr. George L. Richardson read a paper on " Going West in 
1820," being the exoe^iences of a party of gentlemen travelling 
from New Englandto Cincinnati. Ohio, and thence to Arkansas 
by water. Travel in those days was slow and tedious, but the 
opportunity to see the country and get acquainted with the people 
was unsurpassed. Along with the unavoidable hardship was a 
great deal of sociability, which is almost impossible in these 
days of quick transit and short journeys. 

Mr. Frank B. Rich reported that Mr. A. L. Goding and his son 
had recently visited Hyde Park, after a long absence. Mr. Goding 
lived here from 1857 t0 1861, occupying the house opposite the 
present post office, on East River street. Here his son was born 
May 1, 1858. They afterward lived in the house on the southeast 
corner of Harvard Avenue and Winthrop street. Dr. F. W. 
Goding, the son, now of Newcastle, N. S. W., requested to be 
admitted a member of the Society, 

Cbe f airmoum Bulletin 




NO. 1 








Paper Ng Ng Ng 



The oldest industry in Hyde Park is the Tileston & Hollingsworth Co. The 
extensive paper making plant of this concern, located near the River street station 
on the Midland R.R., has been for nearly seventy years in the possession of the 
Tileston and Hollingsworth families. 

The Neponset River, on which this mill is situated, has a long history in con- 
nection with mill sites and privileges. In 1634 a grist mill stood on the site of the 
present Walter Paker chocolate mills. The first mill dam at the site of the Tileston 
& Hollingsworth Co. in Hyde Park was erected in 1684. It was for a saw mill, and 
granted by the town of Dorchester to John Trescott. In 1 783-1784 a grant of 
land was made by the town of Dorchester to George Clark, a paper maker of Mil- 
ton, one of the conditions being that his mills should be on the north side of the 
river so that Dorchester would get the taxes. Clark built a mill and made paper 
here for some years. In 1786 William Sumner bought one-half the mill and he 
afterwards came into possession of the whole. Sumner died Jan. 30, 1836, and the 
mill was sold by his executor to Tileston & Hollingsworth, Sept. 19, 1836. 

There was then two mills on the property, a cotton and a paper mill. About 
1837 the cotton mill was burned and replaced by a paper mill, and in 1850 the old 
original paper mill was torn down and replaced by a modern structure. Additions 
to the plant have been frequent and the machinery today is modern throughout. A 
fair indication of the advance made by the Company is shown by the fact that in 
the first year of Hyde Park's incorporation the firm paid less than $700 in taxes. 
.Now they pay nearly $7,000 in taxes. In addition to their Hyde Park mills the 
firm have a number of others. 

The firm of Tileston & Hollingsworth began business in 1801 in a mill on the 
\eponset River in Mattapan. It was composed of Edward Tileston of Dorchester 
and Mark Hollingsworth of New Jersey. Poth were practical paper makers. In 
1831 Edmund P. Tileston and Amor Hollingsworth, their sons, were admitted to 
the firm and a third generation has since succeeded them. Four of the second 
generation of Hollingsworths were paper makers owning mills in other Massachusetts 
towns, and the reputation of the early members of this firm has been well sustained 
by their descendants. The Hyde Park mills make a specialty of natural and 
calendared paper for fine book and illustrated work, the paper for some of the 
biggest magazines being produced here. 

The company was incorporated in 1887, the present officers being A. I.. 
Hollingsworth, President, II. M. Whitney, Vice Tres. and George F. Child, Treas. 




From the Oldest Store of 
any kind in Hyde Park 



Everett Square 


Everett Square 



Everett Square 



Secretary and Treasurer 
Hyde Park Co-operative Bank 

Everett Square 



Cleary Sq. 
Hyde Park 

Mattapan Sq. 



Ladies' and Gentlemen's Tailor 

41 Fairmount Avenue 


Ladies' and Gentlemen's Tailor 

115 Fairmount Avenue 


One Price Hat and Trunk Store 

Everett Square 


Mortgages Negotiated 

12 West River Street 



62 W. River Street, Hyde Park 
and 1 Beacon Street, Boston 


Silverware, Cutlery, and Stationery 

Everett Square 

Telephone Connection 


Plumbers, Steam and Gas Fitters 

Connected by 52 Fairmount Ave. 




93 Fairmount Avenue 

Telephone 43-2 


J. W. McMAHON, Mgr. 

52 Fairmount Avenue 














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Works at Hyde Park, Mass. 

Ill 1865 A. II. Brainard invented a bench vise known afterwards as the Union 
vise, of which over 40,000 were made and sold by the Union Vise Co. of Boston. 
This vise of cast iron had its front jaw and base in one piece, the rear jaw having 
tenons on each side and traveling in grooves on the base. In its experimental 
stages these grooves and tenons were finished on a planer. The time required to 
fit the jaws of a four-inch vise occupying the time of a good hand just about a 
whole day. Mr. Brainard's first attempt to save time and expense on this part of 
the vise was to rig up a milling attachment for an engine lathe. He fitted to the 
ways of the lathe a saddle having a circular prolongation dropping between the 
ways. This projection or cylinder was bored out to receive a corresponding cylin- 
der cast in one piece with the bed above, which received a carriage having a move- 
ment of about eighteen inches at right angles with the lathe spindle and operated 
by a screw and crank. Primitive as was this device it demonstrated at once the 
superiority of milling irregular surfaces over planing, and search was begun at once 
for a suitable milling machine. He began studying up something to meet his re- 
quirements, when, in a small shop in New York City he happened to find a machine 
in use in which the work table was connected to a knee which travelled vertically 
upon the face of a standard or column. This attracted his attention and after care- 
ful examination he interviewed the maker, offering him an order, provided he 
would make such changes and improvements as Mr. Brainard suggested. These 
changes he was very reluctant to make, but finally agreed for a liberal consideration. 

This machine proved a valuable auxiliary for a short time, while the tools for 
manufacturing the vise were in progress, but as the front jaw and base needed to be 
grooved on both sides it was early apparent that a double machine was a necessity 
for economical production. Therefore a milling machine with two independent ad- 
justable heads was designed, or what would now be termed a duplex machine, which 
proved a remarkable success, meanwhile being busy perfecting designs for a better 
and more powerful milling machine which was as successful as the duplex. While 
giving much time and study to perfecting the standard machine, it was two or three 
years before he thought of building milling machines for the market. When the 
project of building machines for sale was seriously entertained he was opposed by 
some of his stockholders, one of whom, the treasurer of the company ami the lar- 
gest stockholder inquired rather sarcastically, " Who wants milling machines," con- 
cluding his remarks by assuring Mr. Brainard that he would never live long enough 
to sell one. The experiment was tried and truth compelled him to say that his 
efforts for the first year resulted in the sale of one milling machine only. The 
second year the sale was increased to nine, and by the winter of 1.S70-71 the milling 
machine business had assumed such proportion that the vise business was dispos< d 
of to the Backus Vise Co. of Millers Falls, Mass., which was soon afterwards merged 
into the Millers Falls Co. In April, 1871, the works of the Union Vise Co. were 
destroyed by fire, and in June, 1871, the Brainard Milling Machine Co. was organ- 
ized for the purpose of making milling and kindred machines alone. In 1899 the 
plant was again destroyed by fire, after which a new factory was erected upon the 
present site and the company was reorganized and consolidated with the John 
Becker Mfg. Co. of Fitchburg, the name being changed to The Uecker Brainard 
Milling Machine Co. Eugene N. Foss is president and A. L. I <>\ t joy is treasurer 
and general manager. 





More than forty years ago B. F. Sturtevant established in a small way a busi- 
ness for the manufacture of blowers, at 72 Sudbury street, boston. With the growth 
of the business increased facilities were provided until it became necessary to move 
to a new site at Jamaica Plain, where, as the years passed, buildings were added 
and equipment increased. In 1890 the business was incorporated under the name 
1!. F. Sturtevant Co. The present officers are John Carr, President; Eugene N. 
Foss, Treasurer and General Manager; Elmer I'. Howe, Clerk. 

Within ten years the capacity of the extended plant was taxed to the limit, and 
the purchase of nearly twenty acres of land in the Readville district of Hyde Park 
was scarcely consummated when a serious fire visited the plant at Jamaica Plain. 
This disaster served to hasten the clearing of the new site and the erection of one 
of the most complete machinery manufacturing plants in New England. Arranged 
and designed with the utmost care, it presents opportunities for economy in manu- 
facture and internal transportation equalled by few. 

The foundry covers nearly an acre and a half of floor space. From the foundry- 
most of the castings pass direct to the machine department, with its 100,000 square 
feet of floor space; or to the testing and electrical building, with a floor area of over 
60,000 square feet. Here they are worked into engines, motors, generators, fuel 
economizers, etc. Of engines alone the output is nearly one thousand per war. 
Large orders upon rigid specifications have been executed for the U. S. Navy De- 
partment, both for electrically and steam driven fans and for very high grade elec- 
tric generating sets for lighting our warships and cruisers. A large majority of the 
ships of our Navy are equipped for forced draft with Sturtevant blowers. 

The building devoted to the manufacture of blowers, heating, ventilating and 
drying apparatus comprises nearly three acres of floor space. Here fan wheels 
ranging from six inches to 20 feet in diameter are built, and a room 30 feet in 
height is provided for setting up the large fan casings. Steam pipe is cut up by 
the million feet for the .Sturtevant heaters used in connection with the fans. 



The B. F. STURTEVANT CO.,-Cont. 

The power plant, with its thousand horse-power of boilers and its interesting 
collection of Sturtevant apparatus, is situated at some distance from the main 
buildings, and connected therewith by a tunnel in which are carried all steam and 
air pipes, electric wires and the like. 

A pattern building measuring So feet by i 50 feet, a forge shop 40 feet wide by 
100 feet long, a wash and locker building of similar dimensions, and an independent 
paint and oil house, complete the manufacturing plant. 

The office building, measuring 45 feet by 125 feet, five stories in height, is 
occupied as the general headquarters for the entire business. In the light and airy 
basement is located a restaurant and a complete printing plant. The balance ot the 
building is occupied by the production, advertising, correspondence, accounting and 
drafting departments, requiring for their conduct a force of nearly 200 employees. 
The total number employed in office and works is rapidly approaching the 1 500 
mark. Every care has been taken for their material welfare. Each man is pro- 
vided with individual locker and washing facilities, and the " Sturtevant Special " 
train carries employees directly to and from the works to points between Readville 
and Boston. 

The market for the products of the II. F. Sturtevant Co. is world wide. The 
American business is conducted through a primary system of branch houses in New 
York, Philadelphia and Chicago, and a number of resident agents located in other 
large cities. 

The European business is handled by the Sturtevant Engineering Co., of 
Eondon, with its subordinate offices in Clasgow, Paris, Berlin and Stockholm. 
Representatives in Japan, China, Australia, etc., carry this business to the utter- 
most parts of the earth. 



< inly fifty years ago Eairmount orchards were converted into home sites ; but 
what a wonderful progress the world has shown in that period ! Compare our rail- 
road facilities: Eifty years ago a dummy car on the New England Road, operated 
by the patrons themselves, making one trip each way daily, and four trains on the 
Boston & Providence constituted the service. Today we have on the two roads one 
hundred and twenty-one trains daily, besides two electric lines within our limits and 
one just beyond, with fifteen minute service connecting us with Boston. 

lust consider for a moment the telephone, not dreamed of fifty years ago, now 
transmitting our voices hundreds of miles and bringing our friends to us, no matti 1 
how widely separated. Conceive if you can of doing without this little instrumenl 
now, which enables us in a moment to summons the doctor, make known our wants 
to the grocer or the butcher. Measured by the telephone service alone you can 
judge of the development and prosperity of Hyde Park. Tin lust telephone was 
installed in [882. There are now over 750 subscribers to the service and the busi- 
ness has so grown that the New England Telephone Company are about to erect .1 
new building on the site beside the Methodist church. 

The Fairmo\ii\t Bulletin 

Published in the interest of good government 
By the Fairmount Improvement Association 


You can't fire without ammunition : You can't publish a book without getting 
a bill from the printer. To the professional and business men whose generosity 
makes it possible to publish this little souvenir, the editor stands hat in hand and 
bows his thanks. 

The Bulletin acknowledges its indebtedness to Mr. Frank B. Rich for valuable 
information given in the writing up of Fairmount history. Mr. Rich is a " ready- 
reference library " on things that " have been " in our town and he is always willing 
to impart his knowledge to those who seek it. His father, Henry A. Rich, began 
early to collect data on Fairmount and Hyde Park happenings, and at his death, 
through his family, the Historical Society received a valuable collection of scrap 
books, historical pictures and documents. The future historian of Hyde Park will 
gratefully acknowledge the years of patient labor spent by Mr. Rich in accumu- 
lating this mass of valuable historical data. 

This is the sixth number of The Fairmount Bulletin. This little pocket 
monthly has been published as a pure labor of love, to arouse interest in Fairmount 
and to preach good citizenship and loyalty to the town in which we live. Early 
scrap books abound in printed matter which the Twenty Associates and later the 
Real Estate and Building Co. issued. They believed that the town was a good 
place and they were not afraid to say so. It is just the same today : Hyde Park is 
a good place : it has its failings, but show us a town that has not. We are not 
living in the millennium ; we are living in the strenuous twentieth century where we 
are all more or less inclined to let the other fellow correct the abuses of the body 
politic. But it is clearly the duty of every citizen to give enough of his time and 
talents so that the community of which he forms a part is better for his living in it. 

Mr. John Appell has earned the title of the " Historian of Fairmount," as it 
is mainly through his patient researches and his ability as a writer, that this issue 
is so replete with valuable historic data. The labor involved in editing and as- 
sembling facts and figures after the lapse of fifty years can only be appreciated by 
one who has tried it. 

The patience of our townspeople in the matter of the grade crossings at Fair- 
mount avenue and Bridge street is to be rewarded in the outcome of this long 
extended struggle. All parties are now in agreement on plans for both crossings 
that will be the best possible solutions, and the decree of the Commissioners is 
looked for at an early date, the revised and final plans for Bridge street now being 

The town will owe to Mr. C. F. Jenney a deep debt of gratitude not to be paid 
in money for the careful and able manner in which he has handled this grade 
crossing problem. With so many divergent interests to satisfy, it is really remark- 
able that the ultimate results are so absolutely in accord with Hyde Park's desires. 
His uniform courtesy and patience have been reciprocated by those he has been in 
conflict with and his steady persistence has won for the Town's best interests a 
great victory. 

Not a little dissatisfaction exists at the long delay in building the foot bridge 
at Glen wood. The great need of this structure, the large territory to be benefited 
by it, the unanimity with which the town authorized its construction, and the readi- 
ness with which the N. V., N. H. & H. Railroad cooperated in the matter, led us all 
to expect prompt and ready action on the part of the Town. Over a year has 
elapsed and the only indications of any progress are the stone abutments for the 
River bridge. It is hoped that the present Board of Selectmen will push this matter 
to a quick conclusion as a large number of our citizens are suffering from need of it. 



Particular interest attaches to the lives of these men inasmuch as they were 
not only the first settlers of Fairmount, but the projectors and promoters of the 
Town of Hyde Park. The matter contained in these sketches has been obtained 
only by laborious research and has never before been printed. It is historically 
correct in detail as the data has been collected either from the parties themselves 
or their direct descendents, largely by the late Henry A. Rich. 

George W. Currier was born in Meredith, N. H., Jan. 28, 1821. He was 
brought up on a farm, attending the district school winters until he was 19 years 
old. At the age of 21 he started to learn the carpenter's trade and later went to 
Boston to live. In December, 1852, he married Miss Eliza Kelsea of Boston, also a 
native of Meredith. He moved to Fairmount May 1, 1856, living temporarily in 
the present Stephen Tucker house on Brush Hill road until his own house was com- 
pleted Nov. 1 of that year. His house was the first built of the Twenty Associates 
and was located at the corner of Fairmount avenue and Beacon streets. The frame 
was raised May 15, 1856. It is better known as the old "Carlton" house and was 
torn down in 1905. Mr. Currier took entire charge of the building of the twenty 
houses for the Associates, which were all built from one set of plans and exactly 
alike. His wife died on June 19, 1857, her's being the first death in the new settle- 
ment. She was buried in Mount Hope cemetery. She left two children, Frank L. 
born in Boston Dec. 5, 1853 and Clara E. born in Boston, June 5, 1855. Sept. 23, 
1858 Mr. Currier married Mrs. Eliza A. Vaughn, a native of Maine. Nov. 15, 1857, 
he was chosen Trustee and Treasurer of the first religious society organized in 
Hyde Park. In 1862 he moved to California, and later to Virginia City, Nevada, 
where he died Oct. 26, 1887, and was buried in Masonic ground. His son, Frank 
L., died Feb. 26, 1885. His daughter, Clara E., married Mr. Philo Knapp of 
Virginia City, Nevada, Aug. 22, 1877, and they have one child, Albert, born 
Nov. 26, 1886. 

Alpheus P. Blake the " father " of Fairmount was a New Hampshire boy, 
born in Orange, N. H. in 1832 and removed at an early age to Pittsfield in the same 
state. He was only 23 years of age when he organized the Twenty Associates. His 
conception of the settlement was unique. There was no village in Fairmount for a 
nucleus ; he planned to start his colony on virgin ground. He figured that every 
one of his companions could save from 15 to 20 per cent, on the cost of their houses 
if one contract was made for them ; the element of first cost entered into all his 
transactions. He was a shrewd leader with unbounded faith in his undertakings. 
After his experience with Fairmount he became the guiding spirit in the affairs of 
the Real Estate and Building Co. He organized the Boston Land Co. He was 
prime mover in the building of the Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. and at one time 
head of the New England Brick Co. He now resides at Winthrop, Mass., and long 
ago obtained a competence. 

Enoch E. Blake was born in Pittsfield, N. H. July 4th, 1835. He was the 
son of John Blake, who was born in Pittsfield in 1802. His mother was born in 
London, N. H. July 4th, 1804. Enoch and his brother Alpheus came to Boston in 
July 1 85 1. He first found employment in the market and then in a hotel, and he 
also had a newspaper route, and later he was assistant Sexton of Park St. Church, 
and also had charge of Niles Block on School St. In 1856 he joined the Twenty 
Associates and built the house at the corner of Fairmount Avenue and Beacon St. 
In Sept. 1859 Mr. Blake married Miss Emma E. Coon. She was born in Exeter, 
Me. June 8, 1839. They had one child, Blanche L. Blake, born in 1873 and died 
March 1, 1876. Mr. Blake's wife died Sept. 13, 1895. Mr. Blake kept a grocery 
store in Hyde Park from 1859 to 1863 and was also Postmaster of Fairmount under 
President Lincoln, also charter member and deacon of the Congregational Church, 
and Station Agent of the Providence Railroad. In 1866 he commenced work for 
Mr. Crocker in Chatham St., Boston in the wholesale fruit business. In 1872 the 
firm became Crocker and Blake. He has now (in 1906) a large store on Commercial 
St., the firm name being Blake, Scott and Lee. He has nine brothers and sisters. 

Hon. Daniel Warren was born in Upton, Mass., April 16, 1820. He was 
educated in the common schools of Upton and then learned the trade of a trunk- 
maker. He was married Jan. 28, 1846 to Miss Mary E. Goodridge of South Dan vers. 


They lived in Boston until 1856 then moved to Hyde Park. Mr. Warren died May 
26, 1867. He was a member of Massachusetts Senate for the year 1855, and 
Assistant Treasurer of the Mercantile Savings Institution of Boston. He organized 
the Fairmount Sabbath school at the house of A. P. Blake, June 28, 1857 and was 
chosen Superintendent. The Sabbath school was presented to the Methodist 
church June 2, 1867. Mrs. Mary E. Warren, his widow, broke the ground and 
turned the first sod for the foundation of the Methodist church, corner of Central 
avenue and Winthrop street, June 2, 1873. Their son, James L. Warren was the 
first babe born in Fairmount, Nov. 30, 1856. Another son, George B. Warren, is 
now the Cashier of the State National Bank in Boston, with which he has been 
connected many years. 

Dwight B. Rich was born in Hardwick, Mass., May 2, 1826, and until 16 
years of age went to school in his native town. He then worked on a farm, and 
when 20 years of age came to Boston to live. He soon found employment — and 
since that time until his death has been in various kinds of business. He built the 
house No. 247 Fairmount avenue, corner of Summit street in 1856, and was a resi- 
dent of Hyde Park for more than 20 years. He was for several years superin- 
tendent of the New England Brick Co. of Cambridge, later was general agent of the 
Gary Improvement of Chelsea, and kept the Highland Park Hotel (now the 
Soldiers' Home ) one season ; he was also identified with the Boston Land Co.; 
North Shore Land Co.; Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn Railroad ; Director of the 
Real Estate and Building Co. of Hyde Park ; Trustee of the Fairmount Land Co.; 
General Agent Florida Land Co. He died at Orange Park, Florida, Oct. 23, 1882. 
His remains were brought home and interred in the family lot in Milton, Mass. 
His wife had never been able to obtain all the particulars concerning his death, so 
started on a trip to the South and was on board of the ill-fated steamer City of 
Columbus, which was wrecked off Gay's Head, Martha's Vineyard, in January, 
1884. Over 100 lives were lost, Mrs. Rich among them. Her body was recovered 
and was buried in the family lot in Milton. 

David Higgins was born in Standhope, Prince Edward Island, April 21, 1828, 
died in Hyde Park April 8, 1897, aged 68 years, 11 months, 9 days. He came to 
Boston from the Provinces in 1853, and to Fairmount in the spring of 1856, and 
drove the first nail in the first of the twenty houses, on the corner of Fairmount 
avenue and Beacon street. Feb. 22, 1857, he was married to Miss Antoinette M. 
Hagerman, in Boston, and came immediately to Fairmount to live. The first school 
in Fairmount was in the parlor of his house. He sheltered the ministers who came 
to preach in the new schoolhouse after one was put up. He was a brother of Mrs. 
John Lawson, an early resident. Mr. Higgins was a master builder and built many 
of the houses in the early history of the town. He served in the 6th regiment in 
the Civil War. Was one of the charter members of the Baptist church. He was 
buried in Fairview. 

William H. Seavey was born in Georgetown, Me., Mar. 5, 1823, was brought 
up on a farm until the age of 10 years. In 1833 his father, Thomas B. Seavey, was 
appointed keeper of the Monheagen Island Lighthouse ; he then moved to that 
place with his family, which consisted of his wife, Mrs. Keziah Seavey, and five 
children, Hinckley, Reuben, William H., Sarah and Eliza. Mr. Seavey became a 
schoolteacher; was master of the Elliot school, Boston, in 1855, and was principal 
of the Girls High and Normal, Boston, from 1856 to the time of his death, which 
took place April 27, 1868. Mr. Seavey built the house, 186 Fairmount avenue in 
1856; he moved into it in June, 1861, and lived there until the spring of 1866, when 
he sold it to Benjamin F. Radford. He married Miss Mary Louisa Munroe of Bos- 
ton, May 27, 1S61 ; had one child, William Munroe Seavey, born in Hyde Park, 
March 29, 1862. Mr. Seavey took great interest in building and developing Hyde 
Park. His funeral took place April 30, 1868, at 1 p.m., the very day and hour that 
the town was organized. 

John C. French was born in Pittsfield, N. H., Mar. 1, 1832, where he spent 
his boyhood on the farm; attending and teaching school in winter until 1851, when 
he moved to Boston. In 1855 he joined the Twenty Associates and in 1856 he built 
the house which was occupied for so many years by Theodore D. Weld. He mar- 
ried Miss Annie M. Philbrick of Deerfield, N. Ii., in 1858, by whom he had three 
children, Lizzie A., Susie P. and George Abraham. In 1859 he sold his house to 


James Bennett. He was at one time a Boston schoolteacher and was always greatly 
interested in educational matters. In 1866 he moved to Manchester, N. H., where 
he became president of the N. H. Fire Ins. Co., and The Manchester Shoe Co., also 
a director of the Merchants National Bank, and a trustee of the Guarantee Savings 
Bank and of the Manchester City Library. He was the son of Enoch French of 
Pittsfield, N. H., and a cousin of Leroy J. French, so long a respected resident of 
our town. 

Samuel Salmon Mooney, one of the Twenty Associates and founders of the 
town of Hyde Park, was born in Lunenburg, N. S., July 30, 1822. He came to Bos- 
ton in 1842, and learned the trade of hairdresser and barber, and for nearly twenty 
years kept one of the largest and most stylish barber shops in Boston, located at 
198 "Washington street, between Winter and Franklin streets. He was married 
May 3, 1849, in Saco, Me., to Miss Anna Maria Gilpatric of Kennebunk, Me. He 
had two children, Emma M., born at Saco, Me., April 15, 1850, and Charles S. (the 
second boy baby born in Fairmount), April 15, 1858, and died in East Watertown, 
Mass., Feb. 6, 1895. Mr. Mooney moved his family to Hyde Park in the fall of 
1856; during the summer he boarded on Brush Hill road and his family were in 
Maine. He was present at the raising of the first house May 15, 1856. He built 
the house No. 260 Fairmount avenue, corner of Summit street, and was a resident 
of Hyde Park until 1862, then sold his house and moved to Portland, Me. He 
owned the barber shop at the United States Hotel and later was in the coal and 
wood business. He moved to Cambridge, Mass., in 1885 and died there Jan. 27, 1887. 

Hypolitus C. Fisk was born in Berlin, Mass., Feb., 1827. Was married in 
Augusta, Me., Jan. 15, 1850. Moved to Hyde Park with his family in the fall of 
1856. His daughter, Miss Helen A. Fisk, was married Dec. 17, 1878, to Marshall 
T. Burnett by Rev. Francis C. Williams. Mr. Burnett died May 19, 1897. Mr. 
Fisk was a member of the firm of Sleeper, Fisk & Co., wholesale milliners, Boston. 
Mr. Fisk now resides with his daughter, Mrs. Burnett, at 12 Pond street, and is the 
only one of the Twenty Associates now living in the town. 

William H. Nightingale was born in Dorchester May 14, 181 6; died in 
Hyde Park Jan. 13, 1878; was married in July, 1838, to Miss Abby Harding, who 
was born in Chatham, Mass., Sept. 6, 1822. Mr. Nightingale came to Hyde Park in 
May, 1856, and worked during the season on the houses of the Twenty Associates 
and was present at the raising of the first house and moved his family to the town 
in November of that year. He, with his son, James H., served faithfully in the 
army during the rebellion, while his wife worked for the Union cause at home. His 
son, James H., died in Hyde Park, April 12, 1880; his wife also died in Hyde Park 
December 19, 1893. 

William Estabrook French was born at the old French farm in Dunstable, 
Mass., June 4, 181 7, and died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Andrew Bates, 
Sept. 15, 1894, on Huntington avenue, Roslindale, aged 77 years. At the age of 17 
he went to Boston and learned the trade of a mason. With money saved from his 
day's wages he attended the academy at New Hampton, N. H., in the year 1837- 
1838, and during the following winter the academy at Hancock, N. H. In 1843, ne 
went into business in Boston as a contractor and builder. He was married April 
10, 1845, to Miss Eliza Ann Wright of Concord, Mass., who died in Nov., 1862, 
leaving three daughters, Anna E. French, born Aug. 4, 1848, who married William 
Anderson of Bridgewater in Nov., 1881 ; he died in 1889; Ellen Wright French, his 
second daughter, was born June 6, 1851, and married Andrew Bates, May 6, 1877. 
William E. French was a member of Mass. House of Representatives from Boston, 
1855, when the Twenty Associates were organized to start the village of Fairmount, 
now Hyde Park. He joined the company and erected in 1856 the house No. 185 
Fairmount avenue. Mr. French never resided in Hyde Park, for, at the time of 
building here, he had several contracts on hand which he could not leave. 

Ira L. Benton was born in Andover, Vt., Nov. 21, 182 1. In early life he was 
an apprentice to his father, who was a village blacksmith. At the age of 14 he was 
captain of a military company and attended the State muster. Taught singing 
school in Andover, Ludlow and Cavendish, Vt. In 1846 he moved to Boston, fol- 
lowing the trade of his father, and perfected himself in his musical studies. In 
1850 he joined the Handel and Haydn society. During his residence in Boston he 


was a member of the following church choirs : Bowdoin square, Park street, Old 
South and Winter street churches. April 27, 1857, he married Mrs. Martha A. 
Farnum of Nashua, N. H., and on his wedding day came to the new settlement of 
Hyde Park to live, and occupied his new house, No. 237 Fairmount avenue. In the 
early days of the town he taught singing school and was a leader in many successful 
concerts that were given for church and social purposes. He died in Hyde Park 
April 8, 1 89 1. His wife died Aug. 18, 1896. The interment of both was at Nashua, 
N. H. His only son, Charles O. Benton, died Jan. 19, 1886, aged 27 years; his in- 
terment was in the old cemetery in Milton. 

John S. Hobbs, the son of Eben and Mrs. Nancy Stinson Hobbs, was born in 
Camden, Me., Feb. 4, 1828. He was one of eight children : Charles F., George P., 
Josiah S., John S., Oakes P., Sarah E., Caroline M. and Nancy S. John S. Hobbs 
worked on a farm and drove a team until he was 22 years old and attended the dis- 
trict school during the winters until he was 19 years old, he then came to Boston 
and secured a situation in a butter, cheese and fruit store on Merchants row. Later 
he worked in a lime, cement and plaster store and in a short time he had a store of 
his own. In 1855 he joined the Twenty Associates and in the spring of 1856 they 
commenced building of the houses in Fairmount. Mr. Hobbs built house No. 268 
Fairmount avenue ; afterward it became the home for many years of Mr. Seth 
Blackmer and family. Mr. Hobbs was never married and did not occupy his house ; 
his home for many years was at the Marlboro Hotel in Boston and his place of 
business was at 102 State street, a dealer in lime, cement, plaster, hair, coal, etc. 
He was an honorable and upright man. He died at Hotel Osborn, 57 Cushing 
avenue, Boston, Oct. 8, 1893, aged 65 years, and the interment was at Camden, Me. 

John Newton Brown was born in Candia, N. H., Aug. 7, 1824, and died in 
Roxbury, Mass., Nov. 18, 1880. He worked on a farm and at carpentering until he 
was 23 years old. After graduating from the Bridgewater Normal school he taught 
school in New Bedford and Roxbury for several years, and then went into the fire 
insurance business in Boston, in which he continued until his death. He was 
married in Roxbury in 1853 to Miss Elizabeth M. Hunt. He built the house at No. 
282 Fairmount avenue ( occupied for a long time by J. F. Hodges, and now owned 
and completely altered by Hamburger) but never lived here. He was one of the 
first directors of the Real Estate and Building Co. in 1857 and took a deep interest 
in the building up of Hyde Park, always attending the meetings of the Company up 
to his death. In 1858 he was one of the Trustees of the Hyde Park and Fairmount 
Steam Car Company. He was also a director of the Revere Beach & Lynn R.R. 

Jesse W. Payson was born Nov. 6, 181 5, in Hope, Me., and died in Hyde 
Park Sept. 17, 1889. He was educated in the common schools of that town, and in 
the Waterville Institute. As an author of writing books his name became a house- 
hold word in this country. He it was who first gave to students a scientific analysis 
of script writing, and he originated the lithograph copy for common school writing 
books. From 1 861-1877 Mr. Payson was a member of the Faculty at the Polytech- 
nic Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y. As professor of penmanship and bookkeeping he 
taught thousands of pupils, among them many of the distinguished men of the 
country, including President Eliot of Harvard College, and ex-Mayor Seth Low of 
New York. He was the Secretary and one of the Directors of the Park Bank in 
Brooklyn for several years. Mr. Payson was the author of a popular series of 
works on bookkeeping, and was called as an expert to adjust accounts in important 
cases. Mr. Payson's skill in writing brought him many medals, including one given 
at the Centennial in Philadelphia. He was a man of generous impulses, and ad- 
vanced in his christian views. At the twentieth celebration of Hyde Park anniver- 
sary in 1888, he responded to the toast "The Twenty Associates." Mr. Payson's 
first wife died at Union, Me. His second wife, well known in the world of letters, 
died in Hyde Park in 1906. He had two children, W. H. Payson, now of San 
Francisco, and Mrs. Matilda Cushing, a former Fairmount school teacher, who 
married again, moved to Maine and is now deceased. 

Alphonso J. Robinson was a native of Meredith, N. H. He was born Jan. 
31, 1821, and was the son of Col. Noah and Nancy Wadleigh Robinson. The sub- 
ject of our sketch was one of a large family ; he had nine brothers and sisters. He 
graduated from Dartmouth College in 1848 and taught school for several years, 
becoming a professor of mathematics in a military academy. He was a man of fine 


literary abilities and wrote a number of school books which were successful in his 
time, among them being the Colton series of geographies used in the schools some 
forty years ago. Mr. Robinson was a very reticent man, was never married, and 
only lived in Fairmount a few years. After his school teaching days he studied for 
the bar and practiced in Boston. He became attorney for several railroads and the 
Mercantile Savings Institution. While in Hyde Park he took a deep interest in 
local affairs and was first President of the Fairmount and Hyde Park Choral Society- 
He died in Lowell April 24, 1889. 

John Williams built the house No. 281 Fairmount avenue in the summer of 

1856, and moved into it with his family in October of that year. The house was 
afterwards sold to Benjamin F. Leseur who occupied it nearly forty years. Mr. 
Williams was a son of Thomas C. and Eliza Williams, the eldest of six children, 
and was born in Warren, R. I. Feb. 6, 181 5. In 1838 he married Miss Elizabeth 
P. Freeborn of Portsmouth, R. I. One child, Abby, was born to them April 15th, 
1842, who was married to Samuel N. Piper Nov. 7, 1867 and who taught the 
Fairmount School during the years of 1863-4 and 5. Mr. Williams was collector 
for the Boston Gas Light Co., and for several years held a government position in 
the Navy Yard at Charlestown. He was a director in the United States Loan Fund 
Association in 1853-4 and a Trustee of the first Religious Society of Fairmount in 

1857. He was also Treasurer of the Twenty Associates. Mrs. Williams died at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. Samuel N. Piper, corner Highland Street and 
Fairmount Avenue, October 9, 1879. 

Amos S. Angell was born at Deer Isle, Me., May, 1830, and died Mar. 9, 
1902, at 112 Berkeley street, Boston. He was buried at Deer Isle, Me. At the age 
of 15 he began a seafaring life, and served as seaman and first officer until he was 
20 years old. He was then commander of a vessel and continued so until 1858. 
During one of his at-home seasons in 1856 he joined the Twenty Associates. Upon 
his arrival in Boston in 1858 from a two years' voyage (between Boston and South 
America, England, Havana, Cuba, Pensacola, Fla., and New York) he gave up his 
vessel and went to Fairmount where his parents resided, corner Fairmount Ave. 
and Pond street. He sold out his interest in his vessel and bought out Weeman & 
Storey, the first grocers in Fairmount, on site of Savage's old store. He conducted 
this business two or three years and then sold out and again followed the sea until 
1872. In the meantime his family, wife and one child, died and were buried at 
Deer Isle. In 1873 ne returned to Hyde Park and lived with his parents until 1874. 
In 1874 he came to Boston and entered into the house painting business, continuing 
in that business until about 1900, when he was stricken with Bright's disease. 
Mr. Angell was well educated and at one time in his early years taught school in 
his native town. He was Fairmount's second Postmaster. 

John E. Abbott is the only one of the Twenty Associates whose life is prac- 
tically a sealed book to the historian at this late day. He and his brother Russell 
were interested in the Fairmount Land Co. Mr. Abbott was in the tailoring busi- 
ness in the old Mercantile Building on Summer St., Boston. In this building were 
the offices of the Fairmount Land Co. and Real Estate and Building Co., and prob- 
ably this fact brought him into contact with the promoters of the Fairmount Settle- 
ment and led to his being one of the Twenty Associates. Mr. Enoch E. Blake 
remembers him as being in the tailoring business in Boston up to about 1870. He 
then lost track of him and a few years after heard of his being in the same business 
in Portland, Maine. 


Ordinarily a musical society and shade trees are not linked together, but Fair- 
mount is said to be indebted to the above society for the beautiful shade trees 
standing up and down Fairmount avenue and on other streets in our town. This 
society was organized in 1858. Its first officers were Prof. A. J. Robinson, Pres. W. 
F. Gary, Sec. and Treas. Wm. A. Blazo, Wm. Rogers and Ira L. Benton, directors. 
Mr. Benton was chorus conductor. 

They gave six public rehearsals each year, to the delight of the village inhab- 
itants. One grand concert they gave brought in money enough to carry out their 
plan of shade trees for Fairmount's highways. 



tempi /md /'rem. /Van o/Lana'jo//Qirm. 

La7u/C9& Z*en/>/kHce,ul«i(>3!tlandnap 


First Plan of Falrmount. 

To Clarence G. Norris we are indebted for the tracing and enlargement of this map, and to 
the Historical Society for the use of this cut and the three views of Fairmount. 



The Twenty Associates had a well-defined plan in settling Fairmount. After 
their land was purchased they had Civil Engineer Breck of Milton map out the 
entire section and locate the streets. Fairmount avenue, named after the new 
settlement itself, was selected as the street upon which their own twenty houses 
were to be built. An architect was engaged to make a set of plans and it was 
agreed that the entire twenty houses were to be exactly alike. By this plan a large 
saving in plans and materials could be effected and the work carried forward much 
more expeditiously. Another important reason for this was to avoid all feelings of 
jealousy that one man's house was better than another's, and it was a wise arrange- 
ment. The question has also frequently been asked why these men, some without 
families and none of them with any money to spare, built such large houses. The 
answer is mainly this : A. P. Blake, who was the master mind in the enterprise, said 
it would make a more imposing looking community and bring others to join the 
settlement. And it did. 

A brief record of these first twenty houses will be of value to the future his- 
torian and the present status and location will be of interest to the many men and 
women who have come to Hyde Park in recent years. 

The first house built was on the corner of Fairmount avenue and Beacon street, 
which was then known as Water street. The ground for this house was broken 
May i, 1856, and the frame raised fifteen days later. The house has been better 
locally known as the Carlton house, through its purchase by Rev. Mr. Carlton, who 
was pastor of the Congregational Society, which worshipped at that time in " Braggs 
Hall," then situated where Palmer's paint shop now stands on Fairmount avenue, 
near the railroad crossing. A number of other tenants have occupied it since, and 
each year added to its rack and ruin, until finally after being deserted for over a 
year and the target for small boys and firebugs, who made several attempts to de- 
stroy it, it was purchased by George M. Peabody with the sole object of ridding the 
neighborhood of a menace and eye-sore. He in turn sold it for less than he paid 
for it to Frank Rogers who tore it down and used the material in constructing an- 
other house in the " Corriganville " section. The land on which it stood is still in 
possession of the Carlton family, John F. Carlton, son of the minister, residing at 
Sandwich, Mass., being the owner. This house was built for George W. Currier, 
who was a contractor and had charge of building the twenty original houses. When 
this house was raised there were present David Higgins, a carpenter on the con- 
struction work ; the late Henry A. Rich, who, although not a member of the Twenty 
Associates, was connected with the enterprise from the very beginning and was 
master painter on the houses ; his brother, Uwight B. Rich, one of the Twenty, and 
William F. Badger, who, although not one of the Twenty, was a close follower. He 
had the contract for all the stairs in the twenty houses, and was so charmed with 
the locality that he built his house on the opposite corner within a year and brought 
his bride there in June, 1857. Others present were John Lawson, David Higgins' 
brother-in-law, and William H. Nightingale, all three of whom were carpenters 
on the houses ; besides a number of the Associates who were not active participants 
in the construction work. 

Mr. Currier moved into the house in 1856, and in about seven months his wife 
died there. Her death was the first in the new settlement and the funeral was most 
pathetic. There was only a narrow footbridge over the Neponset River then and 
the coffin had to be carried over this narrow way to the waiting cortege on the 
opposite side of the river. Mr. Currier's spirit was broken by the death of his wife 
and he moved from Hyde Park in 1862. Dr. A. H. Chapin, Hyde Park's first phy- 
sician, resided in this house for a short time. 

On the opposite side of the avenue, on the corner of Water street, Alpheus J. 
Robinson built his house. This one of the Twenty enjoyed the title of " Professor." 
I ic was proficient in music and was the president and leader of the Hyde Park and 
Fairmount Choral Society, which was organized in 1858, a brief sketch of which 
appears elsewhere in this Bulletin. Prof. Robinson's house is better known today 
as the Washburn house, and its exterior is much changed with additions. 

The third house going up the hill was constructed for Enoch E. Blake, brother 
of Alpheus P., a long-time resident here, postmaster in rS6i under President 
Lincoln, and who afterwards moved to a more up-to-date place on Albion street. 


This house is now a part of the Peabody estate and has been moved back from the 
street to make room for the more modern house on the corner. Mr. Blake is one 
of the three known living members of the Twenty Associates, and now resides in 

The next house in line was the one built for John E. Abbott. Mr. Abbott 
never occupied it. The house is but little changed and is now and has been occu- 
pied for a long time by Prof. Luther (J. Emerson, the noted composer. 

Directly across the street from the Emerson house is the one built for W. E. 
French, who was a member of the Massachusetts Legislature in 1855. For many 
years this place was known as the "Sumner house." In 1905, Charles H. Haley 
bought the place and has made a wonderful change in its appearance. It is now 
made over into a double house and all resemblance of its original form has been 
wiped out. 

Crossing the street again was the house of William H. Seavey, a prominent 
man in those days, and master, for many years, of the Girls High and Normal 
School in Boston. Mr. Seavey lived here until 1866, when Benjamin F. Radford 
bought the place, and to the present generation of Hyde Parkers the place is known 
by his name. Mr. Radford made a beautiful estate of it. With its fine face front 
wall and its raised flower gardens, the citizens of the town have always been proud 
of it. Mr. Radford himself took keen delight in his house and grounds and lived 
there for nearly thirty years. In 1893 he built two new houses on Franklin Terrace 
for two of his children and gave up his Fairmount avenue home early in 1894 when 
he retired from active business. He passed away in November, 1894, while residing 
with one of his children, widely mourned by the community for whose service his 
time and talents were always ready. After Mr. Radford's death the place was pur- 
chased by Charles H. Haley, who remodelled it and built a three-story apartment 
house on the Warren avenue side of the lot. The main house has been occupied as 
a boarding house since the alterations were completed. 

Next to the Seavey place was the house built for William H. Nightingale, who 
was a prominent grocer on Washington street, Boston, in 1855. In the early '6o's 
it was for a time the home of Thomas Hammond, one of Hyde Park's first post- 
masters. Later the home of Samuel E. Ward, a Boston banker, and after his re- 
moval it became the property of Henry N. Bates, the present owner and occupant. 
This place has been kept in good condition and the house modernized by extensive 
piazzas and porches. 

Following along on the same side of the avenue the next house was that of 
John C. French. Mr. French did not reside here long and sold the house to Thomas 
Bennett, who made extensive alterations so that today it looks different from any of 
the original twenty. Mr. Bennett sold to Theodore D. Weld, the noted abolitionist, 
in March, 1864. The house, during the lifetime of the Welds, was a mecca for men 
and women who labored for the freedom and advancement of the human race. Mr. 
Weld died here February 4, 1895. His wife, Angelina, passed away here in 1879, 
and her sister, Sarah Grimke, also a noted worker in the anti-slavery cause, died in 
the same house in 1871. 

Across the street from the French, or more popularly speaking, the " Weld " 
house, was the home erected for Hypolitus C. Fisk, who is the only one of the 
twenty pioneers who still lives in Hyde Park. Mr. Fisk has retired from active 
life and is spending the sunset of his days with his daughter, Mrs. Marshall T. 
Burnett, whose home is on Pond street, in the rear of the old homestead erected by 
her father in 1856. The Fisk house has had many transient tenants in recent 
years and is but little changed from its original construction. 

Next to the Fisk house was the home of Hon. Daniel Warren, a prominent 
man in the early days, a member of the Massachusetts Senate from Boston, just 
previous to his coming to Fairmount. While Mr. Warren's house was getting the 
finishing touches he brought his family here, and yielded to the kindly entreaties 
of Mr. Fisk to stay awhile in his house until Mr. Warren's was more comfortably 
finished. It was in the Fisk House that James L. Warren was born, Nov. 30, 1856, 
the first baby in the new settlement of Fairmount. The Warren homestead is still 
in possession of the family and now occupied by Weldon S. Martin. 

Next to the Warren house was Ira L. Benton's place. Mr. Benton was a resi- 
dent of Hyde Park from 1856 until his death in 1891, but lived most of his life 
while here on Winthrop street and on Harvard avenue, near the centre of the town. 


He was one of the conspicuous members of the Twenty from the beginning. In 
his youth he learned the blacksmiths trade, and worked at it off and on. He 
had a good voice and was foremost in all musical events in the early days of 
the town. This house was for some time the home of Geo. H. Rand, a Boston tea 
merchant, who died in 1896, his widow continuing to reside there until her death, 
some five or six years later. The house is now occupied by Arthur L. Russell. 

Adjoining the Benton place was the house built for Dwight B. Rich, a brother 
to Henry A. Rich, and one of the hardest workers in the new colony and to whose 
determination and bull-dog tenacity credit must be given that the enterprise was 
not abandoned. Mr. Rich lived here about twenty years and was interested in 
many land companies in other sections. The place is now better known as the 
Melville P. Morrell honse. 

Across the street was the home of David Higgins, and still occupied by his 
widow. This is the only house of the twenty which has its original tenant. Mrs. 
Higgins was married to David Higgins Feb. 22, 1857, and her honeymoon trip was 
a carriage drive from Boston through the thinly settled country to the new home 
which Mr. Higgins had labored on for months to prepare for his bride. 

Next to the Higgins house was the home of Alpheus P. Blake, the President 
and ruling spirit of the Twenty Associates. This house was burned to the ground 
in 1896 while occupied by Jas. T. Hawkins, a builder who now resides in Norwood. 

On the opposite corner what is now and has been known for many years as the 
Bidwell place, was the home of Samuel S. Mooney, who conducted a number of 
successful barber shops in Boston. At the time of his residence here he conducted 
the barber shop connected with the old Marlboro Hotel, then situated on Washing- 
ton street between Winter and Franklin streets. 

Next to the Mooney house, John S. Hobbs built a house which he never occu- 
pied. He was a successful Boston merchant, a bachelor, and never resided here. 
The Blackmer family have lived on this estate so long that their name is the only 
one connected with it by the present generation. 

Adjoining the Hobbs' house comes Jesse Wentworth Payson's place. His 
widow has kept it all these years and only recently died. Mr. Payson was a man of 
distinction in his time. He was the originator of penmanship books as used in the 
public schools today and a member of the old publishing house of Dunton, Payson 
& Scribner, predecessors of the famous publishing house of the Scribners of today. 
The house is practically unchanged. 

Across the street from the Mooney or Bidwell place was the home of Captain 
Amos S. Angell. Mr. Angell was the brother of Mrs. Dwight B. Rich. The house 
has been known for many years as the " Raeder " place. In this house, previous to 
the ^Raeder occupancy, lived Capt. Horatio G. Raynes, a noted blockade runner 
during the war, and strange stories are told of his hiding there while the govern- 
ment was seeking him for scuttling a ship load of slaves. 

Again crossing the street we come to what is now known as the Hamburger 
place. This estate has been entirely modernized and bears little resemblance to 
its former self. This house was built for John N. Brown, for many years a Boston 
insurance agent. Mr. Brown was only nominally one of the Twenty Associates, as 
he never came here to reside, but always took an active interest in the enterprise. 
Previous to Mr. Hamburger's purchase, the family of J. F. Hodges occupied it. 

Opposite this was the last house of the Twenty and the one farthest up the 
hill. It was built for John Williams, Treasurer of the Twenty Associates and for 
whom Williams avenue was named. The house has undergone extensive altera- 
tions, is now and has been for many years the home of the Leseur family. 


The first store in Fairmount was kept by George Pierce, in a little building 
which stood just about where the residence of the late Mr. Giles now stands. It 
was only there a little while and then the building was moved down Summit street 
almost opposite Mount Pleasant street, and it still stands there, the little house on a 
steep bank, the second from Williams avenue. 

The long white house on Summit street, directly in front of Mount Pleasant 
street, was built by the late Henry A. Rich. He brought his bride there and his 
children were born there. It was his home for some fifteen years. Mrs. Rich for 
a time taught school in the old Fairmount school. 


l 9 



Hyde Park, 1874-1906 



412 Sears Building 



28 State Street 



Room 64 Rogers Bids. 

209 Washington Street 

Telephone, 2697-2 Main BOSTON 

Hyde Park, 1875-1906 



617-18*19 Old South Bldg. 

294 Washington St., Boston 



Settlement of Estates a Specialty 

Offices: Union Block 

21 Central Avenue 

Telephones S Main 10 
r ( Mam 11 



Rooms 101-102 
15 State St., Boston 



90-91 Albion Bldg. 

1 Beacon St. 
62 W. River St. BOSTON 

1900 1906 


9 Neponset Block 


35 Congress Street 

1102-1105 Monks Bldg. Boston 



Unity Building 

Everett Square 



505-6 Barrister's Hall 
Pemberton Square 
Masonic Block 

Hyde Park Boston 


209 Washington Street 

4 Pond St., Hyde Park Boston 

Telephone 3576 Main 


16 State Street 

Residence : 
32 Pierce St., Hyde Park Boston 



Studio, Room 9 

Orchestra Masonic BlocK 



Banquet and Entertainment 

Under the auspices of the 
Historical Society and Fairmount Improvement Association 

Thursday Evening, April 19, 1906 










w. K. HOWE, Caterer 


Committee on Hall and Decorations. 

Mrs. E. E. Badger, Mrs. James F. Mooar, Mrs. Clarence U. Meiggs, Mrs. John 
C. Hurter, Mrs. Charles F. Spear. Mr. Charles A. Boynton, Mr. Edwin E. Bartlett, 
Mr. Harold Mason, Dr. John A. Morgan, Mr. Arthur T. Rogers. 

Reception and Entertainment Committee. 

Mrs. Wilbur II. Powers, Mrs. Charles L. Alden, Mrs. Fred L. Johnson, Mrs. 
Samuel E. Blanchard, Mrs. L. P. Winchenbaugh, Mrs. Archibald MacGregor, Mrs. 
Samuel T. Elliott, Mrs. F. W. Sawtelle, Mrs. David Higgins, Mrs. Clara Raeder, 
Mrs. Louise M. Wood, Mrs. Annie H. Weld, Mrs. David W. Lewis, Mrs. A. E. 
Swallow, Mrs. George W. Hanchett. Mr. William J. Webber, Mr. Charles F. 
Jenney, Mr. Charles G. Chick, Mr. Charles L. Alden, Mr. Frank B. Rich, Mr. Clif- 
ford H. Bullard, Mr. Wilbur II. Powers, Mr. Edward E. Badger, Mr. Archibald Mac- 
Gregor, Mr. Harry J. West, Mr. Lester P. Winchenbaugh. 

Press and Program Committee. 

Joseph W. Harpan, John Appell, Samuel E. Blanchard, John W. McMahon, 
George H. B. Beals. 


Post -Prandial Exercises 

CHARLES G. CHICK, Toastmaster 


VOCAL SELECTION Beethoven Quartette 

" The Birth of Fairmount " 


IN THE SIXTIP:S E. E. Williamson 

VOCAL SELECTION - .... Beethoven Quartette 

"Development and Growth of Hyde Park" 

DEVELOPMENT Rev. Peri.ev B. Davis 

GROWTH Edward I. Humphrey 

VOCAL SELECTION Beethoven Quartette 

u Maturity of Hyde Park" 


VOCAL SELECTION Beethoven Quartette 

"The Future of Hyde Park" 



ORCHESTRA SELECTIONS I ", mifff Syne ' Dickinson's Orchestra 

j x\mcrica 





General Practitioner 1870-1906 

Medical Examiner, District No. 2, 
Norfolk County, 1872-1906 

Office Hours 
8-9, 4-6 


Associate Medical Examiner 

2d Norfolk District 


31 Oak Street 



Office hours: 9 A.M., 1-3, 6-8 P.M. 

Telephone 3J Centra , Avenue 


Office Hours 
2-4. 7-9 P.M. 

Telephones: 353-2, 173-5 

Way Block 


Office Hours 
2 to 4, 7 to 9 


139 West River Street 


Office Hours 
9 to 12; 1 to 5 

16 Maple Street Telephone 

145 W. River St. 


Unity Building 

Everett Square 


Copley Square 
551 Boylston Street 



New Bank Building 

Everett Square 



Plummer Block 


Connection Cleary Square 


Office Hours 
Until 9 A.M. and 1-2.30. 6-7 P.M. 

155 West River Street 


Office Hours 
2 to 4 P. M. 

5 French's Block 


29 Pine Street 


Mem. Am. Soc. C. E. 


Telephone „, 

Connection 10 Neponset olock 



The Twenty Associates were but one of many organizations who purchased 
large tracts of land for development in the territory which comprises Hyde Park. 
These land companies or groups of individuals are important links in Hyde Park's 
history and a brief sketch, incomplete as it is, is still worth recording. 

Previous to the purchase of Fairmount by the Twenty Associates, a settlement 
had been planned beyond the Providence Railroad, which had been opened for 
traffic in 1834 as far as Dedham Plains, later called Readville. On June 26, 1847, 
Samuel W. Swift, Enoch Baldwin and Cheever Newhall bought about 200 acres in 
what is now known as the Sunnyside district, and transferred it shortly after to 
Charles A. White. On Sept. 1, 1853, this same property was conveyed to W. P. 
Barnard, Rev. Henry Lyman and O. D. Ashley as trustees for the Hyde Park Land 
Co., a name given by Rev. Mr. Lyman. Among those who formed this early group 
of pioneers are known to have been, in addition to the three named above, Gordon 
H. Nott, Albert Bowker, S. O. Mead and W. A. Cary. The holdings of this com- 
pany were quite extensive and ran down through what is now the business section 
of the town as far as Walnut street and included Mount Neponset. 

In 1854 a few surveys had been made and in 1855 Gordon H. Nott had dug the 
cellar for his house (still standing) and moved into his new home in 1856. Rev. 
Henry Lyman commenced his stone house in 1855 and moved into it in 1856. This 
house, now better locally known as the Col. Bachelder place on Gordon avenue, is 
today, 1906, said to be in the hands of a real estate syndicate, who are to build a 
modern settlement of three-story apartment houses on the estate and use the old 
stone house for cellar foundation stones. Progress, however, was decidedly slow 
on that side of the Providence Railroad, in spite of the fact that Rev. Mr. Lyman 
raised money enough from the landowners in that section to build in 1858, the first 
railroad station in the present town of Hyde Park. This little building was erected 
on a steep bank alongside the railroad track, nearly opposite the present Hyde 
Park station. Lyman Hall was situated in the upper story, where religious ser- 
vices were held for a time. But very few houses were built in this section, in fact 
for nearly ten years this settlement lay dormant, the new village of Fairmount 
making rapid strides in the meantime. 

The Fairmount Land Company and Twenty Associates. 

Organized Sept. 5, 1855, by A. P. Blake, David Higgins, Dwight B. Rich, John 
Williams, Daniel Warren, George W. Currier, J. Wentworth Payson, H. C. Fisk, 
Samuel S. Mooney, John E. Abbott, Amos S. Angell, Enoch E. Blake, Ira L. 
Benton, John N. Brown, J. C. French, William E. French, John S. Hobbs, A. J. 
Robinson, William H. Seavey and William H. Nightingale. 

This company, with A. P. Blake as president and John Williams as treasurer, 
bought about 100 acres of land at $200 per acre, from the rear ends of the Milton 
farms of Timothy and Nathan Tucker, the land running practically from Prospect 
street down to the Neponset river. The deeds for this property were dated Nov. 
23, 1855. Each member of the company agreed to erect a homestead and was to 
have 35,000 feet of land for himself, — 137 feet frontage and a depth of 250 feet. 
The twenty houses were to be alike and the total expense, exclusive of grading and 
digging wells, was about $60,000, which was divided between them. After these 
twenty houses were built and the settlement had assumed a civilized basis many of 
these pioneers turned their eyes to what is now the central part of Hyde Park and 
purchased land there, and in 1859 the Fairmount Land Company and Twenty Asso- 
ciates was merged into a new company called the Real Estate and Building Com- 
pany, which received a corporate charter in 1861. 

The Real Estate and Building Company. 

The land holdings of this company were like an octopus. They had sections 
of land in every direction of Hyde Park. One of their early maps shows that in 
the section between the Neponset river on the one side, the Providence Railroad 
on the other, Lincoln street at one end, and Stony Brook and the Sumner estate in 
Clarendon Hills at the other, the land was practically all theirs, the Greenwood 
Farm being the only sizable plot which they did not control. This section alone 
represented two communities, Hazelwood and Clarendon Hills. The company also 


had other large tracts in Fairmount, in the Corriganville district and on the hill 
near the water tower. Part of their holdings were purchased from the Hyde Park 
Land Company. Their charter was granted February 6, 1861, for a period of twenty 
years. In 1864 it was broadened and they received authority from the Legislature 
to purchase 500 acres additional anywhere within a radius of two miles from the 
woolen mill. In 1880 the charter was extended for five years ; in 1885 for ten years 
more, and in 1895 it expired and the company was required by the general law to 
wind up its affairs inside of three years. On May 1, 1899, the last undivided piece 
of property belonging to the company, a house and land on Bradlee street, Claren- 
don Hills, was sold at public auction. All the rest of the company's holdings were 
divided between the company's stockholders. 

Hyde Park Associates. 

Organized Jan. 1, 1887. Membership was limited to forty-two. Owned parcels 
of land on Fairmount in the neighborhood of Beacon street, and on Fairview avenue 
near the cemetery. A co-operative investment enterprise. Is in existence today. 

Greenwood Farm Tract. 

An old landmark. What was left of this farm was plotted out into seventy- 
three house lots in April, 1894. The land extended from East river to Westminster 
street and from Metropolitan avenue to Huntington avenue. A new street was 
opened up through the farm and named Lexington avenue. Jefferson street was 
planned to run across it diagonally, but has never been completed. 


A tract of land bounded by the Neponset River on one side and running up to 
East River street. The streets in this territory are Mattakeeset, Monponset, Mas- 
sasoit, Wachusett and Osceola streets and Holmfield avenue. This tract was 
developed in May, 1894, by the Blue Hill Terrace Co. and was a very successful 


A section of Readville, lying between West River, Milton and Readville streets. 
Placed on the market in July, 1896, by the five associates, comprising Charles F. 
Jenney, Edwin C. Jenney, Henry B. Terry, H. E. B. Waldron and Mrs. Henry C. 
Stark. Gets its name from a large growth of Pine trees on the land. The lots 
sold very well for the first two years, but very little has been done in the past five 
years and many lots remain unsold. 

Oahwood Park. 

This land runs along Wood avenue and extends towards Rugby. Opened up 
by the Blue Hill Terrace Co. in 1894. Not a large tract and the lots and houses 
are rather small. 


A large tract near River street station, adjoining the Boston line, in fact part 
of the settlement is in Boston. Wood, Harmon & Co., real estate promoters, who 
have opened up many tracts of land throughout the country, put this section on the 
market April, 1894. It was opened up with a great blare of trumpets and nearly all 
the lots sold, but it has never gone much beyond the first spurt. A fine new station 
of the N. E. R.R. was erected on the land by the promoters, but this was soon 
closed by the R.R. Company for lack of patronage. One peculiar feature of this 
section is that every street in it commences with " R," and the streets are called 
roads instead of streets or avenues. These roads are named Regent, Radcliffe, 
Ranson, Ralston, Roseberry, Rutledge, Ruskin, Roanoke, Ridge, Rock, Roland and 
Richmond roads. 

Sergeant Blake Farm. 

Near River street station. Contained about 12 acres. Was put on the market 
July, 1 87 1. Blake street in this section derives its name from this farm. 


People's Land Co. 

A section partly in Boston. Mapped out May 1, 1893. The land lies along 
Newburn and Chase streets in the Clarendon Hills section. 


Named in honor of John Shepard, head of the house of Shepard, Norwell Co., 
Boston, who owned the land and turned it over to Leslie C. Swift, a real estate 
dealer, to develop. The land adjoins the New England R. R. at River street 
station. It was put on the market in 1899, but nas not been a very successful 

Glenwood Heights. 

A more euphonious name for a tract of land which is part of what is better 
locally known as " Corriganville." The land runs from Washington street partly 
into Milton, adjoining the Van Brunt and Hunt estates and James Tucker's lands. 
The streets included in it are Wolcott road, Cottage street and Van Brunt street. 
The tract was named Glenwood Heights and opened up in 1897. Many small 
houses have been built on it by working men who were ambitious to own their own 
homes. Boston capital was back of this venture. 

The Metropolitan Land Co. 

A company formed to develop a big tract in the Clarendon Hills section- 
Placed on the market in 1877. Most of the land was in Boston and the Hyde Park 
section of it contains thus far few houses. This company was really only one of 
the subsidiary companies of the Real Estate & Building Co., formed because their 
own charter did not allow them to own any more land than they already had. 

Blanchard Farm Tract. 

In Readville near the Cotton mill. Cut up into house lots in 1893 by Charles 
F. Jenney, Edwin C. Jenney and H. C. Stark. The land adjoins the Pinehurst 
tract. Blanchard street was constructed and run through the tract, and Norton 
street continued across it. 

The Reddy Tract. 

A section facing East River street near the Paper mills. Opened up April it, 
1896, by Thomas F. Reddy a Boston speculator. Four new streets were added to 
Hyde Park's topography by the laying out of this plot. Frazer, La Fevre and Rosa 
streets and Reddy avenue. Many houses were constructed and the section has been 
a most fruitful one for foreclosure sales. 

Grew Farm Tract. 

In July, 1905, a section of this big tract, owned by the Grew family since 1846, 
was mapped out for house lots. Summer street was extended through to West 
street, and the land from Austin street down to the Providence Railroad and ex- 
tending up to West street was placed on the market. 

Hamilton Park. Readville. 

This land is part of the old camp ground. It lies between Prescott street and 
the Neponset river and from the trotting park down towards Milton street. Placed 
on the market in 1896 by a company of which George L. Litchfield was the head. 
Is now a prosperous community. A small public park is in this settlement. 


The Fairmount school had its first session in the parlor of David Iliggins 
house in 1857. It was moved in 1858 to the new hall erected by George Pierce, on the 
corner of Highland street and Fairmount avenue. This building was afterwards 
moved across the street and stood for many years where the residence of Archibald 
R.Sampson now stands, and was moved to the rear lot when that house was built. 
The Hyde Park Baptist church also had its earliest preaching services in this hall, 
then known as Fairmount Hall. In 1871 the present Fairmount school building 
was erected. For a few years it was called the Blake school in honor of A. P. 
Blake, but agitation by some citizens to preserve the old name of Fairmount in con- 
nection with the school finally prevailed and its original name again attached to it. 



One of the factors that is today making for the betterment of the Town in a 
great measure is the Improvement Associations which have been formed. While 
organized primarily for local benefit, they are all conducted on such broad lines 
that their effect is to arouse a more general interest in public affairs, and to direct 
more intelligent action on the part of our citizens. A brief history of each organi- 
zation in our town today, follows : 

Fairmount Improvement Association. 

This association owes its inception to the following citizens, who met at the 
home of Edwin E. Bartlett on Dana avenue, Jan. 16, 1903: Charles A. Boynton, 
Edwin E. Bartlett, John W. McMahon, Albert Atkinson, Robert Scott, Edward M. 
Underhill, Joseph G. Hamblin, Arthur T. Rogers, John Burns, John B. Chadbourne, 
Joseph Fallon, James McGrath, Joseph W. Harpan, J. W. Griffiths, Martin O'Grady, 
E. M. Merrill and Lester P. Winchenbaugh. The organization was perfected at a 
meeting held in Badger's Hall on Jan. 21, 1903, when a constitution and by-laws 
were adopted and the following officers elected: President, L. P. Winchenbaugh ; 
vice-presidents, William H. Norris, Edward S. Hay ward, E. E. Badger; secretary, 
E. E. Bartlett; treasurer, Edward W. Cross. Executive committee: George W. 
Bent, Charles A. Boynton, Oscar Bursch, Wilbur H. Powers, John W. McMahon, 
William B. Foster, Fred G. Katzmann. Advisory Committee: Dr. W. G. Adams, 
Hugh J. Stockford, Howard M. Hamblin. 

The objects of the association are set forth in Art. II. of the constitution, which 
reads as follows : " Objects, the organization of residents and tax payers of the 
Fairmount district for co-operation in obtaining public improvements in this vicin- 
ity ; for arousing increased interest in the general affairs of the town ; for inducing 
a more intelligent understanding of public expenditures ; a more careful scanning 
of town warrants, and a more general attendance at town meetings." 

Any resident or tax payer of the Fairmount district over 18 years of age is 
eligible for membership. 

The association from the start has steadfastly kept out of politics and devoted 
its entire influence and energies to the betterment of local conditions. Many of the 
improvements noted during the past three years can be credited to the efforts of 
this organization, notably the improvement of Dana avenue, the Garfield avenue 
and Neponset avenue drainage, the Glenwood avenue foot bridge (now building), 
and the improved sanitary conditions at the Fairmount school. The abolishment 
of the grade crossings at Fairmount avenue and Bridge street, which has absorbed 
a large part of the attention of the association for the past two years, is in a fair 
way of being settled in a manner very satisfactory to our citizens. 

The present officers of the association are: President, L. P. Winchenbaugh; 
vice-president, E. E. Badger; secretary, J. W. Harpan; treasurer, E. W. Cross. 
Executive Committee: George W. Bent, James A. Tilden, C. A. Boynton, J. W. 
McMahon, J. J. Keane, W. H. Powers, W. D. Preston, John Hood, E. E. Bartlett, 
Alfred Foster, Oscar Bursch. 

Hazelwood and Clarendon Hills Improvement Association. 

Date of organization Jan. 26, 1903. The officers were George H. Rausch, presi- 
dent ; A. D. Wheeler, vice-president; H. E. Whittemore, secretary; W. E. Nor- 
wood, treasurer. Board of Directors were E. H. Gallup, J. F. Hay ward, Geo. B. 
Jeffers, W. E. Robinson, F. C. Stone. Present officers are John A. Keefe, presi- 
dent ; Edward H. Gallup, vice-president; J. Frank Hayward, secretary; William E. 
Norwood, treasurer. Present Directors are George Jeffers, Alden D. Wheeler, 
George H. Rausch, Jervis E. Horr, Stephen Murphy. Regular meetings last Tues- 
days in each month except July and August. 

The particular work of importance to the Town, the inception and carrying out 
of which is to be credited to this Association thus far, is the subway at the Hazel- 
wood Station. The officers and founders of this organization feel well repaid for 
their efforts by the local improvements secured and the increased interest mani- 
fested in public affairs by the members. 


Readville Improvement Association. 

Organized June 18, 1902, with the following officers : President, J. R. Corthell ; 
vice-president, H. E. Astley ; treasurer, Dr. S. T. Elliott ; clerk, George S. Cabot ; 
financial secretary, Albert Davenport ; directors (beside the above), E. S. Alden, 
Geo. H. Clapp, Calvin H. Lee, James F. Pring, W. J. W. Wheeler, R. W. Wright. 
The present officers are H. E. Astley, president ; Benj. Clough, vice-president ; Dr. 
S. T. Elliott, treasurer ; H. A. Pellett, clerk ; Albert Davenport, financial secretary ; 
directors: J. R. Corthell, R. W. Wright, F. C. Putney, J. W. Storer, G. Aldrich, F. 
L. George. Its present membership is 84. The association aims to better the 
conditions of the community's life in every possible way. It believes in the broad- 
est scope for its activities. Its motto is " Nothing too small ; nothing too great for 
our consideration, provided it touches the life of our village." The association 
picks up waste paper from the streets. It appeals to the districts' representative 
in Congress to vote for laws which will benefit all the people of the country. It 
seeks to cultivate a deeper and finer social spirit and aims to provide intellectual 
and aesthetic entertainment for the community in the way of lectures, concerts, etc. 

To enumerate the material results of its four years of activity would be weari- 
some. Better and cleaner streets ; better lighted streets ; public recreation grounds ; 
better train service; new fire alarm boxes; historical tablets; nuisances abated; 
unsightly buildings removed ; better police protection ; protection to shade trees ; 
financial aid to worthy causes. These are but suggestions of what the association 
has accomplished. 

East River Street Improvement Association. 

In March, 1901, a meeting of the citizens of the East River Street section was 
called by Mr. John G. Ray to take action to procure a new school for the district. 
After town meeting, at which the necessary preliminary steps were taken, another 
meeting was held at which Mr. Ray presided. Mr. John G. McCarter thought it 
would be wise to organize permanently and be known as the East River Street Im- 
provement Association. Thirty-two members signed at once. At the next meeting, 
constitution and by-laws were adopted and the following officers elected : President, 
John G. McCarter; first vice-president, P. Fitzgerald; second vice-president, E. L. 
Barrett; secretary, H. E. Whittemore ; treasurer, H. L. Smith; directors, C. B. 
Whitney, John G. Ray, Samuel Hodges, B. Corliss. Mr. McCarter served four 
years as president, and at the time of his death was treasurer of the association 
He died in November, 1905, beloved by all who knew him. The present officers 
are president, Edw. L. Barrett ; vice-president H. Moir ; treasurer, Gorham E. 
Stanford; secretary, C. B. Whitney; financial secretary Edgar McLeod ; directors, 
F. W. Lowd, O. Anderson, E. Hodgdon and Samuel Hodges. The present mem- 
bership is about 70, and the immediate efforts of the association are directed to 
obtain a bridge over the Neponset at Holmfield. The utilization of the present 
Fairmount bridge, when it is abandoned, has been suggested and meets with gen- 
eral favor as that district should be provided with inter-communication with Milton 
better than now exists. 


Organized March 15. 1887. 

The formation of this society so early in the Town's history was a fortunate 
event. Through its effort and inspiration much valuable data connected with the 
early life of the Town has been collected and preserved. In this work it should be 
sustained by all public spirited citizens. The present officers are : President, 
Charles G. Chick; Secretary, Fred L. Johnson; Treasurer, Henry B. Humphrey; 
Corresponding Secretary and Librarian, Henry B. Carrington. 

Curators: Above officers and Charles F. Jenney, S. P^vans, George L. Stocking, 
Frank B. Rich, George L. Richardson, J. R. Corthell, A. F. Bridgman ; Editor 
Historical Record, William A. Mowry. 


the: celebration of 1900. 

Patriots' Day, April 19, 1906, was chosen to celebrate the semi-centennial of 
Fairmount on account of being a holiday and near enough to the actual date of 

The celebration was under the joint auspices of the Hyde Park Historical 
Society and the Fairmount Improvement Association. The beginning of the anni- 
versary exercises were on Wednesday evening, April 18, in Weld Hall, where, amid 
practically all the historic records of which the young town can boast, interesting 
speakers recounted the early struggles and ultimate triumphs of those master spirits 
who put Fairmount on the map and builded the village on the hill. 

On the morning of the 19th, at 9 o'clock, the members of the Historical Society 
and Improvement Association and many citizens congregated in front of the Public 
Library building for a pilgrimage to the historic places on Fairmount. This feature 
of the clay was under the leadership of Ex-Selectman Frank B. Rich, whose father- 
the late Henry A. Rich, was present when the first house was built and who had the 
contract for painting many of the first houses. The principal address by Mr. Rich 
was made on the site of the Currier house, corner Beacon street and Fairmount 
avenue, the first house built in the new settlement. The party next visited all the 
old houses, Mr. Rich giving a brief history of each. 

In the afternoon Weld Hall was open for the reception of visitors, who wished 
to meet together for " Auld Lang Syne's " sake. 

In the evening there was a grand Banquet with music and many addresses, the 
program of which appears on another page. 

The committees having the celebration in charge were as follows : For the 
Historical Society — Charles G. Chick, Charles F. Jenney, Charles L. Alden and 
Frank B. Rich. For the Fairmount Improvement Association — William J. 
Webber, chairman; Harold Mason, secretary; Archibald MacGregor, treasurer; 
Dr. John A. Morgan, Clifford H. Bullard, Samuel E. Blanchard, Charles A. Boynton, 
Arthur T. Rogers, Edwin E. Bartlett, John W. McMahon, Joseph W. Harpan, John 
Appell, George H. B. Beals, Wilbur H. Powers, Edward E. Badger, Harry J. West 
and the President of the Association, Lester P. Winchenbaugh, ex-officio. 

Ladies' committee — Mrs. Wilbur II. Powers, chairman; Mrs. Samuel E. 
Blanchard, Mrs. Archibald MacGregor, Mrs. L. P. Winchenbaugh, Mrs. Fred. L. 
Johnson, Mrs. E. E. Badger, Mrs. David Higgins, Mrs. Clara Raeder, Mrs. Louise 
M. Wood, Mrs. David W. Lewis, Mrs. A. E. Swallow, Mrs. C. L. Alden, Mrs. John 
C. Ilurter, Mrs. George W. Hanchett, Mrs. Samuel T. Elliott, Mrs. F. W. Sawtelle, 
Mrs. C. F. Spear, Mrs. C. U. Meiggs, Mrs. Annie H. Weld and Mrs. J. F. Mooar. 


As the Fairmount grade crossing is now in a fair way to be abolished within a 
year, a brief record of the present Fairmount avenue bridge over the Neponset river 
is in order. This was the first important public work after the town was incorpo- 
rated. Benjamin F. Radford, Martin L. Whitcher and William J. Stuart were the 
committee on construction. The bridge was commenced in Sept., 1868, and finished 
in January, 1869. In their statement of expenditures we find that $8,000 was appro- 
priated. For the bridge itself, $2,799.60 was paid ; for stone and granite about 
$1,300; for laying stone $1,363.37, and the balance of about $2,400 was paid for 
labor and incidentals. The committee certainly did their work well, and had $21 1.04 
unexpended balance of their appropriation. 



Practically all the land on Fairmount was Tucker farm land. The history of 
Milton could not be honestly written without frequent mention of this family. The 
original Tucker, from whom eight generations have sprung and left their impress 
on Milton life and history, was Robert Tucker, who was born in 1604, in England 
near a place called Milton. He sailed from Weymouth in England in 1635, and 
settled in Wassagusset, and through his influence had that settlement name changed 
to Weymouth in honor of the place in the old world from which he had sailed. 

In Nov., 1663, he purchased three tracts of land, containing in all about 117 
acres, on " Brush Hill," and was one of the original incorporators of the town of 
Milton. The evidence seems to point strongly to the presumption that Robert 
Tucker had much to do with naming the town " Milton," following his previous 
action in the adjoining town of Weymouth by giving a name connected with his 
own early life in the old world. He was the first town recorder, also selectman for 
many terms, and represented the town in the General Court. 

The great Blue Hill of 3,000 acres was owned by Boston in Robert Tucker's 
time, and history records that in order to bring this territory into Milton four citi- 
zens purchased the tract and one of these four was Manassah Tucker, son of Robert, 
but by a decision of the General Court only half of the tract was made a part of 
Milton, the other half going to Braintree. 

Through successive generations Manassah Tucker's share of this land descended 
to Ebenezer Tucker, his son, later by him to his son, William, and he afterwards 
transferred it to his nephew, Ebenezer, Jr. 

Thirteen deacons have been in the family since Robert's time, and a generation 
of Tuckers without a pillar of the church has been a rarity. 

Nathan Tucker, one of the grantors of Fairmount, died P'eb. 6, 1869, at the age 
of 80 years. Timothy Tucker, the other grantor, was a Milton selectman for seven 
terms, and died from an accident in 1864. His daughter, Mrs. William Oxton, still 
resides in the Timothy Tucker homestead, corner of Williams avenue and Brush 
Hill road. 

Other portions of Fairmount have come from Tucker farms ; the land west of 
Dana avenue coming from the Dana Tucker farm. There was in the early '50's a 
heavy growth of timber along Dana avenue, and a big cornfield where Neponset 
avenue now lies. 


About six months after the houses of the Twenty Associates were completed, 
six others were built from one set of plans : The Badger house now occupied by 
Edward E. Badger, son of William F. Badger, who was the original builder; the 
Hanaford house, where the Baptist church was organized, and now the home of 
Archibald MacGregor ; the Hurter house on Water street, the home of Col. William 
Rogers in the early sixties, who was a distinguished man in those days, a member 
of Gov. Andrew's staff and the moderator of Hyde Park's first town meeting ; the 
Putnam house, corner of Fairmount avenue and Highland street ; the Eustis house 
on Warren avenue ; and the sixth one was on Beacon street near Warren avenue, of 
late years owned by Henry N. Bates, and remodeled. 

William A. Smith, Eben Cobb, Daniel B. Clement and Thomas Hill came to 
Fairmount in 1857 and purchased lots. Mr. Smith built in 1858 the house now 
occupied by his daughter, Mrs. A. M. Kendall, at No. 62 Williams avenue. Mr. 
Clement built the same year what is now the Bloom house on Pond street. Mr. 
Cobb built some years later the house still occupied by his family at No. 231 Fair- 
mount avenue. Thomas Hill never built upon his lot but went to California where 
he became very distinguished as an artist, so much so that the State of California 
in recognition of his talents built him a studio in Yellowstone Park. 





55 Fairmount Avenue 



26 Fairmount Avenue 


3 Bank Block 


431 Hyde Park Avenue 


A. H. STROUT. Prop. 
141 Fairmount Avenue 


R. E. BENTLEY, Prop. 

89 Fairmount Avenue 


Ill West River Street 

From the Oldest Provision Dealer in 
Hyde ParR 

59 Fairmount Avenue 



138 Fairmount Avenue 


Cor. Gordon Avenue and West 
River Street 

Established 1871 


117=119 Fairmount Ave. 

Established 1868 



14 Central Ave. 

3 Dell Ave. 


34 Fairmount Avenue 


Fine Harness and Horse 
Furnishing Goods . . . 

63 West River Street 




1874, S. B. Balkam, Agent; 1877, S. B. Balkam 
1882, S. B. Balkam Co.; 1901, Wm. H. Harlow 



Yard, Cor. Pierce and West Sts. 



r^^^i ~v-*~a J Walnut Street and 
Coal Yard j Har i ow - s C oal Yard 



Way Building 


27 Beverly Street 


Hyde Park 

Established 1885 



Everett Square 

Established 1877 



10 Harvard Avenue 


A. RAYMOND, Prop. 


391 Hyde Park Avenue 


Neponset Block 

Everett Square 


20 Fairmount Avenue 



West River Street 



50 Fairmount Avenue 


R. J. RENTON. Prop. 
101 = 121 Fairmount Avenue 


125 Fairmount Avenue 


107-109 West River Street 

Cleary Square 

f '■ 

IS IF -i i 






"The Old Reliable" 

Hyde Park 

Established in Dedham, 1813 
Established in Hyde Park, 1868 

A Weekly Newspaper that goes 
into the homes and is loyal in 
every movement for the better= 
ment of the town and its inhabi- 


Editor and Publisher 



5 Everett Square 


Hyde Park 


" If it happened in Hyde Park 
you will find it in the Times " 

frank p. McGregor 

Editor and Publisher 


NOTARY public and justice 

Insurance and Real Estate 

Telephone Wolcott Square 

Hyde Park, 59 Readville 

G. W. BENT & CO. 



Brass and Iron Bedsteads 
and Fine Bedding 

For Sale by all First Class Dealers 
of Hyde ParK 




We will furnish TO OUR CUSTOMERS on short 





ELECTRIC FLAT-IRONS ( only 3k per hour ) 


(One quart of pure coffee in ten minutes for Jc.) 

We do not have to explain the advantages of the 
above over the old style COAL OR GAS STOVES, 
and consider the following: 

Just Press a Button, We Do the Rest 




And most important "NO MORE EXPENSIVE." 

If your house is not wired for electricity we will be pleased 
to call and give you estimates on the same. 

Information as to rates, etc., will be gladly given at the office, 
435 Hyde Park Avenue. "Tel. 205" 



JDcbrjom & t)yi>c Park (ftae & OH. 
£tgl)t Company 

The Dedham Gas Light Company was established 
in 1853 to supply gas to the residents of Dedham. 
It started with but few miles of mains and less than 
one hundred meters. The price charged was $5.00 
per thousand cubic feet. 

In 1868 the mains were extended to Hyde Park and 
the Company reorganized under the present name. 
The price then charged was $3.50 per thousand cubic 

The mains have been extended from year to year 
and we now have over thirty=two miles of mains, 
covering all of the principal streets of both towns and 
over 1600 meters. 

The price of gas has been steadily lowered as fast 
as the consumption would warrant and is now $1.20 
per thousand cubic feet gross, with a discount for 
prompt payment of from 10c to 30c per thousand cubic 
f eet, making the net price 90c to $1.10, average price 
$1.00, per thousand cubic feet, and is the lowest 
price made by any Company in New England sup= 
plying towns of equal size. 

That gas is by far the cheapest and most satis= 
factory light is best told by the fact that over ninety 
per cent of the stores of Hyde Park and Dedham are 
lit by gas and nearly as large per cent of the resi= 
dences are using gas for lighting. 

There are also over 1000 gas cooking ranges in 
use in Our territory and we have demonstrated beyond 
a doubt that gas for cooking is the cleanest, quickest 
and cheapest of all fuels. 

We are now showing a very extensive line of 
water heaters, that heat the water for bath or house 
hold use instantly and at a small consumption of gas. 
We also have a large and varied line of room heaters 
at from $1.00 up. Just the thing for spring and fall 

Gas is a household necessity and should be in 
every house. If you are not supplied, let us submit 
estimates. You will be surprised at the low cost of 


Office, 41 West River St.. Hyde Park L. B. JOHNS, Superintendent 






2 _* 

O oi 




















t- 1 







= . 














































Incorporated 1871 

The early settlers in this neighborhood, not having the advantages of a 
Savings Bank, were obliged to take their exercise by walking up Fairmount. 

This was good, but walking to the Savings Bank is better, because of the added 
benefit derived from having a definite object in view. To-day there are over five 
thousand who do more or less walking to the Bank, and the amount to their credit 
is more than $1,275,000.00. Are you among the number? 

The bank has paid dividends amounting to $419,948.81 since its incorporation. 

Open an account in the 


Capital May 5, 1886 . . . $314. OO 

Capital March 7, 1906 . . $321,119-16 

THOS. E. FAUNCE, Pres. GEORGE T. BRADY, Sec. and Treas. 

" American Homes are the Safeguard of American Liberties.''' 


Organized 1904 


Capital, $100,000 Surplus, $4,000 




President and Treasurer Vice-Pres. and Asst. -Treas 

I5he Geo. W. Stafford Company 











j& j& & j& & 

Grew from an acorn planted in Hyde 

ParK twelve years ago. Hyde ParR 

and the loyalty of its citizens 

made it. 




Kennedy's Block 

Cleary Square 



Kennedy's Block 

465 Hyde Park Avenue 


J. A. KEZER. Prop. 




Kennedy's Block 

Cleary Square 


Kennedy's Block 

Cleary Square 


T. M. TAYLOR. Prop. 



Kennedy's Block Telephone 

Kennedy's Block 


014 078 658 5